The length of the trunk and other interesting facts about elephants
• The length of the trunk and other interesting facts about elephants
Do elephants really big ... well, however, it is not surprising, because we are talking about the largest land mammals. The average weight of a male African elephant about 4 tons. The largest recorded weight - 7, 5 tons!
Because of the size of an elephant's trunk?
The length of the trunk adult an average of about 2 meters! "Manage" his trunk elephant learns about six months. An adult elephant can lift the trunk object the size of a pin.
And here are some interesting facts about elephants
Tusks are still targeted by poachers, can be up to 2, 5 meters!
Weight elephant heart from 20 to 30 kilograms, depending on body size.
The brain in a giant big and heavy - up to 7 kg. By the way, the elephants have an excellent memory.
Especially well they remember their enemies.
What is more unusual and interesting in these giants?
Elephants can communicate with each other by means of low-frequency noise, which is not able to hear the man. Low-frequency signals elephants used in the search for a partner during mating. Females in this way announce the beginning of estrus.
In addition to the low-frequency communication, elephants can transmit and receive legs seismic signals on the ground. To send such a signal, the elephant has his foot on the ground, and to receive a response elephant stands on three legs. Lifting one leg, the pressure on the foot three other increases, which helps to better capture the vibrations of the earth. If all the elephants time stamp, then the earthquake will :) Giants live in large families, which was dominated by an older female.
The life expectancy of an African elephant is approximately equal to a human - about 70 years.
Females are able to produce offspring at the age of 8 to 50 years.
Gestation lasts 22 months, give birth to a female can only one cub at a time.
Elephants have very poor eyesight. giant eye can see small objects at a distance of only 10 meters. But as they say, it's not their problem.
Low vision is compensated by excellent hearing. Hearing many times greater than the human.
Smell elephants have developed particularly well - nostrils located at the end of a trunk, can detect odors at a distance of several kilometers. With the help of smell they establish an elephant belonging to his or someone else's herd, and elephant-mother by smell to find his baby.
In contrast, Indian and African forest elephants, the African savannah elephant is absolutely not to train.
Along with the hippopotamus, the elephant is the biggest danger for the tourists of all wild animals found during the safari tours. Particularly aggressive behavior elephant with small baby elephants. To avoid trouble, just enough not to approach the elephants closer than 100 meters.
A more elephants are not afraid of mice!