Curious about the profession of pearl divers
• curious about the profession of pearl divers
Pearl jewelry is the only material having an animal origin. Unlike gemstones formed in the depths of the earth, the pearls formed in the shells of the bivalves, which a complicated process of creating a rounded solid material is merely a consequence of the protective reaction of the organism.
When injected into the shell of a foreign body, such as grains of sand, parasites, a drop of liquid, it begins to defend against it, enveloping the foreign object layers of nacre. As a result, a foreign object, causing discomfort, is immured in a little ball.
Most quality pearls form clams. Behind him people began to dive, presumably, about 4,000 years ago. Extraction of natural pearls is considered dangerous and risky trade. It requires certain skills and knowledge that many divers are transmitted from generation to generation, making this profession fishery closed groups of people and whole nations.
The largest deposits of pearls are on the coast of the Red Sea, the Persian Gulf, in Ceylon, Tahiti, off the coast of India and Iran.
In the arsenal of some modern pearl divers can find a mask and scuba. But some members of this ancient craft still immersed in the old way without any equipment, taking with him a knife and a grid for pearls.
For divers using dive tied to rock the boat. They jump into the water with him, after which the stone is raised up and transferred to another diver. This technique is still used catchers Indian tribe gives up.
The day divers can go down under the water 40-50 times and collect 200 pearls from the shells.
Trained divers can remain underwater from 50 to 80 seconds.
His craft hereditary divers begin to teach their children from an early age. Thus, for 7-8 years children can easily sink a few meters, and to 15 years of dive for pearls as adults.
In Japan, pearl production are predominantly women. Until the mid XX century ama diver plunged into the abyss, with nothing but a knife attached to his loincloth. Modern representatives ama clothed in special suits and put on fins and mask.
At each step of the pearl fishers traps a lot of dangers. During the dive they may encounter on their way jellyfish, sea snakes, sharks and other clearly unfriendly representatives of the underwater kingdom.
Age of divers continue to dive without special equipment, not too long. Often, in 30 years the divers look like old men. Adverse side of the profession - poor vision, deafness, trembling hands and rheumatism.
Now this craft is dying slowly in the traditional form. To dive for pearls solved mainly those who do not have the possibility to choose another profession.