Levels of car automation
Car • Automation levels
Because now there is a real revolution in the automotive industry and more and more companies are developing unmanned vehicles have already been developed gradation of the six "levels of autonomy" cars. In short, the level of "0" is accepted to fully managed and controlled by the car man, and "5" means the level of a fully autonomous car.
The term "degree of autonomy" was originally published by the International Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) in 2014, when they began to develop "automated driving system." The report outlines six levels of autonomy for unmanned vehicles in the future. In September 2016 the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) has adopted its own system of formal classification - standard SAE.
All makes driver. Acceleration, braking and steering is controlled by only a man, even if he helps alarms or security systems. If your car is equipped with an automatic emergency braking system, it can still be considered as "zero".
The hands on the steering wheel. In most modes of movement the car is driven person, but it has an automation system. A good example is an adaptive cruise control system and the parking assistance. But the computer will never take control of the steering and acceleration / deceleration.
Keep your hands off the steering wheel, but you need to look at the road. In the car, "second-tier" There are certain modes in which the car itself can operate the pedals and the steering wheel, but it happens only under certain conditions, and the driver must maintain full control of the vehicle. This is about the level of autopilot Tesla in 2014.
The hands are not on the wheel and the road glances needed only occasionally. When "level 3" car has certain modes in which he takes the entire process of driving over, but the driver can at any moment to take control of the vehicle in its own hands.
This car can decide when to change lanes, and how to respond to dynamic incidents on the road, and the driver at the same time serves as a "backup system". This is a rather dangerous system, so automakers possible try to "skip" across it and immediately implement "level four".
The hands are not on the steering wheel, almost no need to watch the road. In fact, when "level four" car can be controlled by a man, but it is not always necessary. Unmanned cars can drive all by yourself, it will simply "ask for help" to the person, if the "meet" something with which it itself can not cope. At this point, so it looks most unmanned vehicles, in particular Google / Waymo.
The steering wheel is not necessary. The front seats can unfold in the opposite direction, so that it was more convenient for passengers to communicate with people sitting on the rear seats. human intervention in the process of driving is required at all.
This level now and trying to get automakers. And it will have huge implications for the way of life, work and travel in the future.