5 most famous of French kings
France recently elected a president. But here it goes about it. This country at all times of its existence, played an important role in world politics and culture, it attracts many people from different countries to its unusual history, full of drama and surprises. Let us now go into a little mental journey in time.
Once the Louvre and Versailles were still not museums, but residences, where in its splendor and majesty sat the French kings. They were different, it can be seen even by their nicknames:.. The thick, beautiful, grumpy, again beautiful, wise, mad, Bald, the Sun King, etc. Think of the top five, the most prominent king of France!
1. Let us begin with Philip IV (1285-1314)
He received the nickname Handsome. There were different perceptions of beauty at all times, it is difficult to judge. But the governor was stern, with a firm hand fighting against the feudal lords, combining state. In particular thanks to him we now have a unified France, rather than a dozen states, for example: Burgundy, Artois, Aquitaine, and so on. Reformed the army, he carried out a kind of fiscal policy, not a little quarrel with Rome. Did you know that 70 years popes sat not in Rome but in Avignon? The power of France at the time - the merit of King Philip the Fair.
2. Karl VII (1422-1461)
This king was nicknamed Victorious. By itself, it can be, and was not particularly outstanding, but there's all the famous Joan of Arc helped. At the same time the King is finally over exhausting the Hundred Years War. However, she was 116 years old, but can be a little sacrifice historical truth for a beautiful name.
3. Francis I (1515-1547)
King-Knight. He, too, was left without a nickname. Apart from successful wars, his reign remember the heyday of the French Renaissance. 4 spent the war with the Habsburg dynasty, received a lot of victories. France again among the arbiters of the fate of the European continent. The prestige of the monarchy and the king's power becomes stronger and stronger. Francis I invited to France by Leonardo da Vinci, Raphael painted for him. It strengthens France not only by the sword, art, too, was his instrument.
4. Henry IV (1589-1610), nicknamed Great
The founder of the Bourbon dynasty. A man who tried to enter the religious tolerance in France, putting an end to the bloody religious wars, fratricidal. Recall his Edict of Nantes ended the war with the Huguenots zealous Catholics. Although Henry himself converted to Catholicism for the crown. Famous for his phrase: "Paris is worth a Mass!". It is said that when, during the French Revolution the crowd of evil on the monarchy the citizens broke into the abbey of Saint-Denis, where French kings resting peacefully, and dug up the remains of Henry - he had not decayed. "Long live King Henry" - shouted the revolutionaries.
5. The Louis XIV (1643-1715)
Without the Sun King, our excursion turned out to be incomplete. To an unprecedented level, he raised the French monarchy. "The state - that's me!" - this phrase will forever remain in history and has become a characteristic of all his long reign. And he reigned 72 years. So long to be on the throne of France failed to nobody, neither before nor after. His rule was named after the great age.
Not all are mentioned here, of course, who is worthy. For example, there was one king, who after his death was canonized in the history of France. So him and mention - St. Louis. There was a period of Napoleon's empire, which also had the brilliance and grandeur. Even among the presidents were gray maloprimechatelnye figure, but there were also those who, without throne and crown felt no worse than the King: of Charles de Gaulle remember separately.