Zula Karuhimbi: witch, who saved a hundred and fifty people
• Zula Karuhimbi: witch, who saved a hundred and fifty people
She was regarded as a witch, but because of that it has saved hundreds of people from certain death. So evil incarnate creates a very real good!
The population of Rwanda, a small country in East Africa, less than in Moscow. Hard to believe that this is where there have been some of the most terrible and bloody events in the world. The genocide in Rwanda in 1994 is considered one of the worst.
In Rwanda, the two peoples have historically lived: Tutsis and Hutus. Hutus and then, and now constitute a numerical majority of the population. The difference between them is almost not noticeable. Hutu slightly shorter and darker skin than the Tutsi. Once the Tutsis were the ruling aristocratic tip - they were more respected and wealthy.
6 April 1994, after the death of the Presidents of Rwanda and Burundi, the Tutsi mass killings began.
For the three months were killed about one million people - in speed and the brutal murder of the genocide in Rwanda exceeded the German death camps. Media, radio and newspapers fueled the hatred of one ethnic group to another. Hundreds of thousands of Hutus - from peasants, workers and housewives to lawyers, teachers, and priests - took up machetes and guns and sent to kill former neighbors and friends.
But even in this hell there were people who were willing to take a chance and go against a bloody car.
Her name Zula Karuhimbi. Now she must be 92 years old, but we do not know if she's alive, on her almost no news, and the only symbol of its charity is a tree in the Garden of the righteous in the Italian Padua. It was a rare case where superstition Africans played into the hands of those who would be saved. In Zuly was once infamous witch - and her fear. She drove the militants "Interahamwe" (organization Hutu) from his home, where people were hiding, whose names she did not know. Some of them spend their days in cramped nabivshis hot basement, covered with dry leaves and baskets, while others lay under the bed or in the attic, and others were among the branches of the plum tree outside the house.
When coming fighters, Zula hands smeared juice of poisonous plants and touched the bare skin intruders - they were covered with sores. "They did not understand what was happening, and thought that I cursed them, - she says. - Then I went into the house and rattled there anything that came to hand, and militants said it was angry spirits. When I was accused that I was hiding Tutsis, I answered: "I am a witch, I am afraid of all, nobody goes to me. '"
One day, her house trying to burn, fired a second time. But each time she was able to intimidate militants that the spirits of anger fall on their families, and they retreated.
Zula Karuhimbi saved a lot of people at more than 100 Tutsis, about 50 Hutu and three whites.
In 2006, the Zulu Karuhimbi awarded the medal for his part in the fight against genocide. It was presented by the President of Rwanda, Paul Kagame, who - as a strange life develops - Zula also saved during a previous outbreak of violence in 1959, when he was only two years. His family lived in a nearby village. "When did the attack on the Tutsi, I removed her necklace and gave his mother and ordered the child to weave beads in her hair, and all say that it's a girl. Then just kill the boys, and so he survived, "- she said. Later, Paul Kagame became the commander of the Rwandan Patriotic Front, the army that ended the genocide.
Zulu Karuhimbi invited the Italian Padua, where she planted their olive trees in the garden of the righteous - there is a stele in her honor was opened. But Zula can not read, so now can not even remember the name of the country properly, which visited.
Previously Zula lived by selling vegetables from his garden in the local market. But now the forces on it anymore, and it produces money for food as well as its ancestors, hereditary healers. Suhl did not like being called a witch, she prefers the word "healer". He says that he can brew potions that cure a headache remedy the shortcomings appearance or to help find a job. Front of her house in the sun dried grass.
However, it comes less and less buyers. This is partly due to the spread of education - people no longer trust doctors than rural witches.
But there is a reason for worse: as in all of Africa, Rwanda is becoming increasingly common witch hunt. Important role in this played by the preachers of the Christian churches, calling to expel or kill witches and traditional healers. This is a big problem for all the countries of the Third World.