Cruel and strange refereeing in the history of Rome
• The cruel and strange refereeing in the history of Rome
Papacy - one of the oldest institutions in the world. No wonder that in the history of the Holy See, which has almost two thousand years, there were many dark pages. In addition to the infamous Inquisition (it is, in principle, can be called the spirit of the times), the chronicles have preserved the stories of extremely strange and even violent acts pontiffs themselves. Perhaps the farthest went Pope Stephen VI, who perpetrate the trial of a dead man.
Pope Stephen VI was in power just over a year, from 896 th to 897 th, which is quite typical for the time, since the papacy was in crisis. In the absence of political and economic support pontiffs turned into puppets influential dynasties.
Before Stephen VI regulations Pope Formosa. He attempted to counter the influence of the royal dynasty on the throne of a Catholic than, of course, the self-fulfilling their hatred. Formosa died under mysterious circumstances in 896, leaving Boniface VI successor.
The Pope Formosa.
But he remained on the throne, calculate the number of weeks. Influential aristocrats displaced Boniface and put my dad - Stephen VI. Under pressure from his patrons, he demanded to exhume the body of the deceased for the nine months of this Formosa and to put him on trial. They were fabricated obscure accusations of treachery.
At the hearing, which was held in the Lateran Palace in January, 897 years old, half-decayed corpse Formosa, dressed in ceremonial dress, seated on the throne, and subjected to "interrogation". For the deceased deacon he replied, imitating the voice of the late pope. This view became known as the Cadaver Synod.
Lateran Palace and the Basilica in Rome.
As might be expected, the defendant was found guilty, his papacy retroactively invalidated. Carcase cut off his fingers, which made Formosa sign of the cross, stripped off his clothes, dragged the corpse through the streets of Rome and buried in a mass grave for the unknown aliens. Later, the body of the former pontiff was dug, probably for financial gain, and thrown into the Tiber River.
During the mockery of a corpse Formosa earthquake shook Rome, which caused its partial collapse. This sign has awakened in the Romans awe and excited general indignation against the murderers of the former pope. There were rumors that fished from the Tiber pontiff's body began to do miraculous healing. City mob rebelled, after which Pope Stephen VI was imprisoned rebels, where he was strangled.