How to make palm oil
• How to make palm oil
In our country, palm oil has become synonymous with poor quality, cheap product. Meanwhile, it is one of the oldest foods of mankind, known in ancient Egypt.
Palm oil is the most popular vegetable oil in the world. According WWF estimated 50% of packaged products sold in supermarkets comprise palm oil.
We go to Southeast Asia and take a look at the production of palm oil.
The main wholesale buyers of palm oil - corporations, such as Nestlé and Unilever. Besides food palm oil is used for biofuel production, cosmetics, shampoos and many other products of biochemistry. Every day they need more and more oil and more. Where we take it?
It's very simple: thousands of square kilometers of forests and peatlands in Southeast Asia are destroyed to make way for palm plantations.
Here we see just barbaric formation palm oil plantations. In the foreground - the new planting of oil palm in place of the destroyed forest, rear - is the destruction of forests for new plantations.
In the background - the endless planting oil palm, the front - the destruction of forests for new plantations.
In order to destroy the forest, they simply set on fire. It is Indonesia.
It should be noted that due to its incredible productivity of oil palm maximizes the economical use of land for the production of vegetable oil. To produce one ton of sunflower oil must be 2 hectares of land. Palm plantations allow to give more than 7 tons of vegetable oil in the same area.
In Sumatra, there were only 14,000 orangutans. The reasons for the disappearance of species - poaching and the destruction of their habitats. It destroyed the natural habitat of the smart monkeys, who live mainly in trees. Blame all - oil palm.
In Indonesia, there is even rehabilitation centers for these intelligent monkeys before returning them back into the wild.
Here they are, the fruit of the oil palm. Palm oil in 2015 exceeded the production of soybean oil, rapeseed oil, and took first place among vegetable oils production ahead of 2, 5 times, and the production of sunflower oil.
By the way, palm oil traded in the days of the pharaohs, more than 5,000 years ago. Actually, palm oil is made from the pulp of the fruit of palm trees.
So the fruits look at the cut.
The forest burned land ready for new planting palm.
Elephants happy to eat the leaves of palm trees.
In the palm plantations have here are the elephant patrols to secure the area from wild elephants, so they do not eat expensive product.
The cutting of fruit. By the way, digestibility, ie the use of the human body, high-quality palm oil is 97.5%. This is an excellent result.
Elephants and oil palms.
In the countries of Asia and Africa preserved ancient hand-made palm oil technology shown in the photos. Fruit trees is first ground and then by heating, forced palm oil melt and separate from the pulp. A similar process takes place during the development of industrial palm oil on biochemical plants. Gathering the fruits of the oil palm.
As a vegetable oil and sunflower oil and palm oil does not contain cholesterol. However, due to the palmitic acid palm oil can stimulate the generation of cholesterol by the human body becomes comparable to the level of danger from cholesterol with the use of butter. And palm oil on vitamin E and A groups is one of the record holders and substantially outperforming other products.
Indonesia, Central Kalimantan. Soon there will be forest instead of one palm.
Elephant Patrol. 15-minute break.
An employee palm plantation in Indonesia carries harvest.
High-quality edible palm oil, the allegations of scientists, nutritionists, is not dangerous to health. But there we always have more than one "but":
- it is known that under the guise of edible palm oil is imported technical often in Russia, as well as oil contaminated due to the fact that for its transport tankers are often used that have transported oil and other nonfood substances;
- palm oil today uncontrollably used for rigging products, especially dairy.
Loaded truck. Here are born and millions of tons of palm oil, used around the world.