15 interesting facts about the Amish - one of the most famous religious minorities
One of the most famous groups of religious minorities in the world, the Amish are famous for their traditional way of life. They live a lot easier than the vast majority of people, often purely from agriculture and fishing. Around this group, which broke away from the Mennonites, a few centuries ago, many legends, so try to figure out what is actually true.
The origin of the Amish
The term "Amish" comes from the name of Jacob Amman, a Swiss Anabaptist and Mennonite who fiercely advocated a literal interpretation of the Bible. His ideas caused a split in the church, and the followers of Amman, who had gone with him, became known as the Amish.
The baptism and marriage
The Baptism in the Amish occurs most often in 18-22 years. Until that happens, the person is not allowed to marry. Also at the time of marriage, both future spouses must be in the church.
The Amish - notorious pacifists and reject any form of violence. That is why they did not participate in any war.
Anyone who sees Amish dolls, without knowing anything about them in advance, probably remember a couple of horror movies. They simply do not have faces. Faceless dolls are believed to deter people from pride and vanity. Also For similar reasons the Amish do not play musical instruments, arguing that the tools are self-expression method that will stimulate the development of a sense of pride and superiority.
When the child Amish family turns 16, he becomes "rumspringa". For some time he was allowed to go out and do things that, as a rule, prohibited in the Amish community. During this time, the teenager must decide whether he is baptized and become a member of the Church of the Amish community or leave forever.
The Amish in figures
The Amish first emigrated to North America in the early 1700s and was originally settled in Pennsylvania. Today, more than 300,000 Amish live in more than 28 US states and in Canada.
The role of women in the Amish
The woman in the family of Amish in the first place is a housewife, which is responsible for preparing meals, housekeeping and assistance to neighbors. "In public" as a woman, as a rule, following the example of her husband.
Avoidance and excommunication
The Amish may punish members of their society in two different ways. The first is the "avoidance" in which members of the community to limit all contact with the offender, to shame him, and point out the error of his ways. More severe punishment - "excommunication". This is a complete cessation of contact with the man and his expulsion from the community. Even parents must cease contact with your child, if he was excommunicated.
In general, a well-known fact that the Amish do not use motorized vehicles such as cars. Basically, they use horses and the carriage-gig.
If you just look at the Amish man, I can just say - he is married or not. After the wedding, every Amish immediately begins to grow a beard.
Women Amish after the wedding has a different tradition. They put on your wedding dress (which must sew yourself) for Sunday church services.
Amish children are enrolled in small schools one class teachers from the community. After the end of the primary school child begins to receive vocational training (for example, agricultural and carpentry skills) in their family and community members.
The Amish different from other Christians that they are not involved in missionary work and evangelism. Simply put, they do not try to draw more people to their faith.
Amish community, as a rule, are not opposed to the use of modern medicine and resort to it in serious cases. Since the Amish do not have insurance, the money for the treatment of a patient payment collected by the whole community.
Go to the Amish faith
Those who want to join the Church of the Amish, will face some difficulties. Firstly, you need to learn German dialect spoken by the Amish of Pennsylvania (some say in German only), as well as to give up modern comforts, which simply does not have the Amish. Convert lodge in the Amish family that he has adapted to their lifestyle. After a sufficient period of acclimatization in the church a vote on the advisability of recognizing the potential convert member of the community.