Budapest • The
If you have to go behind the samovar to Tula gingerbread and then for Icarus - definitely need to go to Budapest. That local Ikarus is both familiar to all of us, and very unusual, and even in his own cool machine. And without going into the question of tediousness, it is possible to carry out the most unexpected parallels with the Soviet Union, Russia, and even - Moscow. Let's go!
Ikarus-280 still is not difficult to find, even in the heart of the city: the old machines do not refer to the suburbs, out of sight
The basis of the park continues to be the single bus classic Ikarus-260. However, here all the machines more from the factory equipped with automatic transmissions - ZF production, Praga and Voith.
The glossy condition of many Ikarus Budapest - the merit of numerous capital repairs, which are carried out as a local remzavody and exploiting garages
Budapest can rightly be called the birthplace of "Icarus": two of the three major industries based here, and the third - in the city of Szekesfehervar, in forty kilometers from the capital on the highway M7. Despite the arrival of dozens of new buses from year to year, they confidently hold the palm of prevalence. And it is - despite the far from a young age: still remain in the course of the machine issued in the mid to late eighties, and the last new "Icarus" entered the main city to the carrier, the BKV, in 2001, after which the famed manufacturer stopped forever.
The more interesting: in Moscow last Magyars left routes as early as 2014, in St. Petersburg - a year earlier, and only crumbs left over from the many thousands of Soviet deliveries, live in their former cities indestructible.
is shrouded in a cloud of blue smoke stops, 260 continued its flight to hometown Harmonicas Ikarus-280 now has fewer than "cars" from Germany and Turkey: the time comes, the machine changes - the youngest of this year 18 years. But until about fifty 280h continue to go on line, pleasing its gloss connoisseurs of the genre.
The local is not even flap for the boiler - they do not need in these mild winters
Interestingly, in a certain period (since the nineties, beginning and ending with zero) Ikarus Budapest many horrible ... in Russia, and in including - in Moscow. Recovered Factory "Kravteks" buses eighties years of construction differed from the new pure white color, often - with stripes in a tricolor, but run them felt like new. Now the last of the former Budapest cars awaiting restoration for the Moscow museum on SVARZ.
The outskirts of Budapest does not resemble the capital city: a quiet private sector in walking distance of the subway
But such color - sign of machines working on the express lines, replacing metro and other modes of transport. As updates stains, pour them into a more traditional scheme, but sporadically and remain red and blue beauties.
We have 280go and unusual profession for us: it was he who prevails among Budapest trolleybuses. These machines are produced in cooperation with the local plant Ganz (local told us that there was formed after the closure of the whole ghetto of Chinese illegal immigrants, which shortly before my arrival, and covered the police evicted)
The trolleybus of Ikarus-280 - it is not a fairy tale, it is a true story!
It is interesting that such a machine - even painted the same - to serve in Moscow. The story of her life and death deserves a separate story, to which one definitely reach your hands ...
All of them can be grouped under the code name Ikarus 280T, although a list of modifications and unexpectedly wide But if the two hundredth series of well-known throughout our country, later - "four hundred" - is so wide spread is not received.
Ikarus-415 was jointly developed with Soviet designers: they are standardized on a number of details from the then custom-made 5256, up to the option of Lviv '' machine ''. But the post-Soviet customers interested in the new model failed: Currency machine was excessively expensive.
Ikarus-415, skewed to the right side, on Andrassy Avenue
Only once, in '98, 350 of these machines purchased Moscow to service the world's children to play. Moscow car dosobiralis Tushino engineering plant, where their seats and be equipped with handrails, and after games - redesigned interior of the "sitting" in the "dance" by removing extra seats: they then completed with a year dosobiraemye there 280.
Even after many years of operation in Moscow they began to diverge across regions; Last 415 left Moscow routes in 2014.
A gaggle 415h from the local train station
Apart from that memorable party in Russia has got only two "non-Moscow" 415: experimental machine of Tallinn operates in mud, and came as b / a of the German fellow - Kolchugino.
He argued that Ikarus had gone to the other world because it does not mastered the production of a truly modern machines. This, of course, is not true: in front of you low-floor Ikarus-412, a "Speed" DAF diesel engine in the tail.
Ikarus-412 significantly shorter than the elder brother - 415 with high and flat floor
Low window line and arrangement of the rear portion 412 is provided in the right-m nizkopolnik
Budapest received the machines in the factory sunset, from 1999 to 2001; Now they are actively withdrawn from service, sending something in metal, but something - remodeling in the trolley at the factory.
Result of the local capital repairs, or poured in Budapest buses in blue before it became mainstream
And where do without an accordion? That's right, nowhere: it is - Ikarus-435.
At the time, the factory in Tushino was actively engaged in the production of 435h: from "otvortochnoy" assembly, finishing welded bodies on their own, without the participation of the Hungarian partners. However, the last - this is the "Muscovite" 435go clone, which was published after the death of the original manufacturer.
Articulated Ikarus-435 at one time there were a lot, but now the left about thirty pieces.
Besides Moscow, the exhibition copy of the 435 was in St. Petersburg (today this machine is reduced to a local museum), and the prototype of Tallinn fate winds brought ... to the city of Angarsk, Irkutsk region, where it ended many years ago.
And, of course, my dearly beloved: Ikarus-405. Small low-floor bus caliber "Lasik", a special machine for the big city. Just like in adults: the motor behind the front portal axle, pneumatic, automatic transmission, a lot of seats - all in a body, unified with the "big brother"
These kinds of cartoon kids smartly drive on mountain streamers Buda Castle and the narrow streets in the surrounding area.
Interestingly, the two copies of 405h at different times and on different occasions were in Russia, but - none of them carry passengers and was not destined to: one of them, for example, purchased for the study at that time already comatose ZIL.
Outside the Fortress area 405e almost never occur, and now belong to the Red Book little animals
At the same time, the Russian PAZ-3237 can be considered as a relative: it is built on the same basis of the Hungarian component (axles, steering, suspension), and was produced in cooperation with the Hungarian partners. At the end of cooperation, the production of "city-keyway" quietly turned.
With unaccustomed to this cabinet furniture wheels like a bus ... or vice versa?
In the past few years "Icarus" is rapidly disappearing from the streets of the Hungarian capital: their liquidation has moved in the last, the most active phase, and possibly as early as next year we will not see them. So I wish to see - should hurry (:
A gaggle of 260's evening on the circle. Vperedistoyaschego - duty backup machine, and what the inscription on the scoreboard
However, we can not say that they go without a decent replacement ...)
And most importantly: do not forget that Budapest - not just a beautiful city. He is magical, enchanting and beautiful even without any buses. There's really very comfortable, and just a pleasure to be - and in general, he left behind a most pleasant experience not only as a transporter in-traveled, but also like a humble tourist.
If the first part is more or less disclosed subject that in Budapest working on urban and public lines, then the second part I have in store something more interesting.
As with most major European cities, on the excursion routes around the city of the former Berlin man pages work here ...
Berlin MAN SD200 open second floor
A more mana are not only two-story
But this miracle of technology maiden name was city bus Neoplan N4016 - the same as the one from which rubbings bus MAZ-103. Do you recognize?
hideous creature of the local ARP
However, in contrast to other European capitals, on the tourist front of Budapest is widely represented his own, a domestic manufacturer - because this story is remembered and loved until now. One of the objects of tourist attractions in the Hungarian capital are Ikarus buses excursion lines: in fact they are considered to be symbols of Budapest and throughout Hungary. It would seem, on a sightseeing tour through the city center operate the same, familiar to us, "Icarus", but only "soft" model 256 - the same delivered thousands of new and in the USSR, and used from Hungary, Germany, Poland ...
The glossy and very rovnenko machine - sight for sore eyes!
to the color of the machine rigidly tied her route: green, blue, red or pink
... but sometimes the abundance of their fellow natural mind-blowing!
A typical Budapest convertible from 256go
Many years ago, the plant itself has experimented on the open tour buses - Ikarus-200 model was created for this purpose, based on spring Ikarus-255. One such "factory" convertible even hit the Soviet Union - or rather, in Sochi, and the other - has worked in Budapest almost to the present day.
Sochi convertible - possibly the factory, and possibly local adaptation. photo source unknown
And if some open Icarus trying to maintain a traditional appearance ...
... some come off in full, and in the repair of masks by adopting family Classic, virtually unknown outside Hungary. It was a kind of attempt to rejuvenate hopelessly outdated two hundredth series, providing it with plastic masks of modern design; however, the spoon was the way to dinner, and in Russia such machines were one-two, and obchelsya.
Warning - detail: low windscreens, tentik over the driver's cab and the plastic chairs in the lounge, not afraid of moisture. Well thought out!
Naturally, these machines are not born: the rehabilitation and reconditioning of machines in convertibles are as repair companies and what remained of the native plant (or rather, the kind of small repair shop in the territory of the Budapest plant).
However, local magicians from touring Affairs practice not only kryshesnos and plastic surgery, but also more global alterations:
For example, the city riding, for example, that a pseudo-Classic with a roof, glued glazing, but - with virtually no windows in the cabin, and quite unusual configuration of racks, not giving it shape. At the heart of the way, the city Ikarus 260
To complete the similarity did not have a back mask: in this '' classic '' it looks quite different, but this - an exclusive attribute of cars, recently overhauled one of the Hungarian companies
He - rolls full salon tourists on the avenue. With such interior can be seen all (=
In the Soviet Union opened the buses back in the seventies felt unsafe and banned - because these machines if they wanted us to be seen. The fact that occasionally do in the cities for the holidays, as a rule, goes on a "telephone law", or when accompanied by traffic police crew and passengers minimum. Here - this story is not going to end, and then - the continuation may follow ...)
Local sawed in Convertible - a very beautiful and neat, with two identical - not ever find