Disputes that spodvigli of great deeds

The world may not have been as we know it today, if someone said from time to time: "A little ..."

Disputes that spodvigli of great deeds

1. Set up a whole new branch of

It would seem that much less all who fit the role of a gambler - so it's a scientist. However, it turns out that the people we trust for us to invent medicines to launch satellites and lasers to wield, easily lend themselves to "weak."

In 1959, physicist Richard Feynman colleagues painted a wonderful future when scientists learn how to reduce the computers, medical devices and all sorts of other things to the size of the ciliary mite. Given that at the time, computers were the size of a house, this statement seemed to listeners too bold, not to say absurd.

Then Feynman decided to throw a symbolic scientific gauntlet and announced the award of eight thousand of the then dollars that he is willing to pay to the person who will be able to make motor running, each side of which would not exceed 0, 04 cm. This is to make it easier to present, from about crystal table salt.

About half the hunters were not observed for the award. And then I turned up a man named Bill McLellan, who with the help of sophisticated scientific equipment, consisting of a pair of tweezers and toothpicks, built the same Feynman described motor. Mechanism made 2000 rpm, weighed 250 micrograms (mcg - one millionth of a gram, approx mixstuff.ru.), Was less than the pinhead and consisted of 13 items.

Feynman paid the promised prize but, nevertheless, was not very happy with the result. The fact that he had hoped that the emergence of a tiny motor would lead to a new technological breakthrough, but the miracle-inventor, as it turned out, use only a hobby skills and excellent fine motor skills. However, as it turned out, he was upset by Feynman prematurely. After this story countless real scientists began to take their own attempts to create different designs of tiny, and in 1980, when Eric Drexler presented his concept of nanotechnology, Feynman once described his inspiration.

2 and 3. Write a book that became known worldwide

As you know, some of the world-famous books were written not in order to let the world some important idea, but from the most banal reasons. You had something to eat and something to feed my family. That's all.

But sometimes masterpieces were born of entirely unexpected reasons - for example, just because someone has argued that it is impossible.

Take, for example, the story of the writer Theodor Gayzelya, who became famous under the pen name Dr. Seuss. By the end of 1950 in its arsenal it has been some touching of children's books. And in the 1960th he came out dispute with the publisher Bennett Cerf, about whether it is possible to write a decent book using only 50 different words. Cerf put 50 bucks on something that Dr. Seuss is not able to do.

Seuss took up the challenge and the point size nakropal history in a few tweets. So there was a book that read in childhood all for whom English is native. It's called "Green eggs and ham." In the book some pristavuchy Sam strongly persuades his unnamed friend to be treated with dubious food. He tries to get out, but to no avail.

In 2001, the book won the fourth place among the best-selling children's books in history! If you think that this story could only happen with a children's writer, then here's another example - Ernest Hemingway. Once the writer went to the bar for a drink and met a lover argue that proposed bet $ 10 that Hemingway could not write the story of just six words.

Hemingway took a napkin and wrote:

"For sale: Baby shoes, never worn". ( "For sale: baby the shoe, not nadovannye")

So far, this work inspires a huge number of imitators.

4. make a fortune on the movie, which you do not have any relation

"Star Wars" were composed almost "on the go". Many of the ideas of George Lucas (sometimes completely insane) have remained unimplemented. One of his friends - Steven Spielberg, remembered as the creator of "Star Wars" often complained that his child goes confusing, and not the way it was originally envisioned.

Once Lucas visited the set of the film "Close Encounters of the Third Kind," which filmed Spielberg, came to a complete delight, and then again began to complain about the fact that his "war" out useless, and does not pay back even the fact that they invested.

In the end it was decided to make a bet: if the "war" Lucas bypass the box office "Contacts" Spielberg, the 2, 5 percent of all fees will go last. And vice versa-if the more successful will be the "Contacts", then exactly the same percentage of them will get Lucas.

As a result, "Close Encounters of the Third Kind" earned $ 337 million - is very good. If you do not compare with the "Star Wars", which earned 65 times as much. All in all, Spielberg and still receives its legitimate interest.

5. Write one of the most important scientific works in the history of science

It was in 1683. Someone Christopher Wren spoke with one astronomer of why the planets move in elliptical trajectories of a strange and not at the right circle. Concluding the conversation the fact that Rehn put 40 shillings (a few hundred dollars in terms of current money) that within two months no one will find the answer to this question.

This dispute became known to Isaac Newton. Whether he really needed these 40 shillings, or simply out of scientific curiosity, but Newton was the beating of the puzzles and finally decided. However, it took him two months is not specified, but a few years, so that the money he did not see.

But this dispute has turned solid work entitled "Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy" which formulated the law of universal gravitation and the three Newton's law, laid the foundations of classical mechanics.

So it was that of an ordinary dispute came one of the most significant scientific texts during the existence of science.