Curious about the most unusual of the Masonic lodge "Order of the Pug"
• Curious about the most unusual of the Masonic lodge "Order of the Pug"
There was only one way to become a member of probably the mysterious Masonic society in history to which many belonged to the intellectual elite of Europe: pug kiss under the tail to prove his complete devotion. Yes, you read that right. In the middle of the XVIII century, ladies and gentlemen, dressed in trousers, stood in line to become the "pugs", that is, members of a secret "Order of the Pug."
Let's try to understand how these dogs were the central figures of the secret Masonic society. Firstly, this was not the first time that these our "smaller brothers" with wrinkled muzzles became a subject of obsession refined society. They adored the Chinese emperors, and all members of the European elite, from Voltaire to Queen Victoria, as we know, had for this animal unusual weakness. When in 1688 the throne of England and Scotland ascended the Danish Protestant King William III, his pug and the breed in general have become the emblem of free thought and loyalty to the throne. Keep the house pug was in many countries a subtle and elegant way to express their solidarity with the English revolution, without risking to be in a dark dungeon. As a secret symbol for the most loyal members of the Masonic Lodge, the pug was in fact a very common phenomenon.
In Germany, in the XVIII century (in 1738) an edict of Pope Clement XII Roman Catholics were forbidden to join the Masonic lodge, and violators of the ban subject to severe punishment - excommunication. Then came "The Order of Pugs" based, as is commonly believed, in 1740 in the Bavarian Baron Clemens August Wittelsbach. According to an article in 1745 in which expose a secret society, "The Order" was founded by those who did not want to obey the prohibition of Pope Clement XII. First there were only Catholics, and then the members of the lodge were Protestants.
Thus, "pugs", in essence, were group "antisocial elements". Initiate supposed to wear dog collars and the entrance to the lodge meeting scratching the door, like a dog, and converts the members of the Order went through the ceremony, during which they are nine times avoided the room, barking motto "Memento mori" and kissed Great Pug in a known place under the tail in sign of the idea of loyalty. At the same time a well-known German manufacturer of porcelain Johann Joachim Kandler received an order for the production of porcelain figurines pugs for the Order.
It should be noted that a few centuries ago pugs look different than it does today. And in particular, they had a much more slender figure. The focus of the secret society were new and the ancient disputes regarding the sciences and humanities, and philosophy. Order members wore silver medallions with pug and obeyed the orders of "Grand Master", male or female. When the "Order" the mystery was revealed in 1745, the society was arraigned, and then a few years later outlawed. However, according to the German authorities, back in 1902 in Lyon were some active members of the "Order of the Pug." Perhaps it would be wise to look at the center of France, all of a sudden there today remains committed to the bizarre cult. But, in any case, this story makes see the most comical breed of domestic dogs in a completely new light!