How to thank informants in the USSR
Preferences for spies, informants, informers, agents or simply informers in the Soviet Union were different, not necessarily measured in money. Many "Judases" spodvig on whistleblowing elementary fear for their own destiny. And hundreds of thousands of Soviet citizens laid neighbors, colleagues, friends and acquaintances and even free of charge, in obedience to civic duty, or for ideological reasons, guided, so to speak, "the party line."
In the camps, were sold for a bowl of soup
The first statistical information on the number of informers of the NKVD was consolidated during the Stalinist repression People's Commissar of Internal Affairs Yezhov. In his report he wrote to Stalin that the total number of informants in the Soviet Union - more than half a million people. It pays only for the work of the main agents of the KGB, and they were called - agents. In addition to salary (its amount Yezhov was not specified, but the so-called "residents", "foremen" grassroots informers, pay then to 300 rubles), the agent pays the amount to the "costs" (organization pyanok, purchase gifts and t. N.).
Spetsosvedomiteli informed on cultural workers, clergy, engineers and other, more notable among the gray mass of Soviet citizens, according to Yezhov worked most often free.
In Stalin's camps supergrasses for whistleblowing were paid from 40 to 60 rubles. It was risky, because the disclosure of the informers were killed or when tightened the punishment for murder, was applied such trauma that the rest of life (year - two) snitch spent in the hospital, where he died. Recruited informers among the prisoners of war contained in the gulag. They buy them more often for food. Most agreed. Since 1946, it increased by more than 10 times, from 137 to a thousand to 1947 only in the Leningrad region the number of camps informers among the German prisoners of war.
"You will convey - will help in the service"
Official data on the number of informants in the Soviet Union does not exist (even Yezhov these figures were approximate). Snitches "drumming" in virtually all spheres of activity of the Soviet state, including creative. For example, a well-known actor and director Mikhail Kozakov in his book confessed that he collaborated with the KGB for 32 years, since 1956.
Of the many motivations, pushed the Soviet man on whistleblowing, the financial incentive was not decisive - supergrasses could allow travel abroad (which in Soviet times for the majority of it was a pipe dream), to help in the promotion of the career ladder.
Recruit KGB could almost any of those who represented them operative interest - the candidate put before a choice: either he worked for the KGB, or he "block oxygen" - do everything that the actor did not give roles, and the director - to make films, artist - to organize exhibitions, writers - published and so the Cossacks almost the only representative of the Soviet creative intelligentsia who made a kind of coming-out... In fact, the "secret agents" in this environment, as well as in any other, it was very much.
Relatively speaking, intellectuals writing (or signing) of such appeals has earned itself a peaceful existence. For example, in the list of the names of signatories once sharply negative reviews on the work of Solzhenitsyn, have the names of such well-known Soviet writers like Fedin, M. Shahinian, Konstantin Simonov, Yuri Bondarev, A. Barto ... Checked in at this sad list actors Boris Chirkov Mikhail Zharov ...
How to encourage police informants
In the 40 years of the twentieth century, the police had already established system of informers from among the inhabitants and of the criminal environment that helped law enforcement agencies to identify and solve crimes. The system had several levels, the highest of which was the so-called "agents of international affairs", which could be implemented to send to the thieves' environment to another region. "Residents" ( "looking" for ordinary informants) since 1945, officially received on a monthly basis at least 500 rubles. To pay for the work of informers spend millions, only in 1952, through the Criminal Investigation "resident" in the USSR had been paid more than 2, 7 million rubles.
The Soviet police question of remuneration supergrasses regulated by the law "On operative-investigative activities" (it is in the new edition of the works now). It was enough to write a report to the authorities the name of the allocation of funds for "information security". For the supplied amount (which varies depending on the importance of the reported information) operas then had to report to the application document for the signature of the informant. However, this procedure created a breeding ground for corruption - often public money to informants did not reach.