The largest maritime disaster of the XX century
• The largest maritime disasters
The sea can be merciless. At all times it was the custom to destroy tens and hundreds of sailors at a time. But what if the sea decides to withdraw at a time more than a thousand lives and not only the sailors? With the development of shipbuilding, humanity has known the true tragedy of the waves. That's terrible example of the last century.
1. "Mont Blanc"
The incident with the courts "Mont Blanc" and "Imo" occurred at 7:00 am December 6, 1917. The ship "Mont Blanc", loaded with explosives and flammable substances, came into the interim Canadian port of Halifax. When referred to a court closer to the bay, the captains began to make risky maneuvers, with the result that the collision happened, then the fire, and as a result, the explosion, which destroyed the two ships, and part of the port. The incident resulted in killing about 2 million people. More than 9000 were injured, with about 400 of them lost their vision.
In 1943, Germany carried out the transportation of tens of thousands of prisoners of war in mainland Greece. The ship "Oriana" went to Rhodes. It was more than 4 thousand people. As a result of the storm, the ship changed course, and later hit a rock near Cape Sounion and sank. It managed to save at least 30 people trapped in the water.
3. "Dona Paz"
The ferry "Dona Paz" collided with the tanker "Vector" December 20, 1987. It happened at a time when most passenger ship already gone to bed. On the tanker was 8800 barrels of gasoline. In a collision, they are lit up. When the court was overcome panic, people were forced to jump straight into the burning water in an attempt to escape. Both vessels sank. As a result of the incident killed 4386 bangs. Only 25 were rescued.
4. "Jin Yuan" and "Taiping"
Chinese passenger steamer "Taiping", carrying refugees collided with a freight steamer "Jin Yuan" November 26, 1949. Both ships went to the bottom almost instantly - for 15-20 minutes after the collision. As a result, killing according to various estimates from 1000 to 1600. And this despite the fact that the passenger ship has been calculated by only 580 people. From the water were rescued only 36 people.
The ship "Kiangya" carrying refugees in China. It is known that the ship was more than 2 thousand people. Due to overloading, the boat was very slow. On the way to Shanghai, the ship collided with a sea mine and sank. It happened on December 3, 1948. Of water removed 700 people. A few hours to the sinking "Kiangya" not sent a single ship, because of the flight almost no one knew. According to the most sad it is estimated that victims of the disaster was approximately 3,900 people.