Why do so many Russian cities and streets do not change the name of the Soviet
• Why do so many Russian cities and streets do not change the name of the Soviet
In the Soviet Union there was a certain "tradition" to rename the names of geographical objects, in accordance with communist ideology and party. Special peak renaming took place in the period from 1918 to 1930. After the October revolution, the new government began to give new names of whole areas and regions, large and small cities, towns and streets.
The names of names have changed in such a way as to glorify the idea of communism and the revolution itself, as well as its leaders and their associates. As a result, throughout the Soviet Union began to appear numerous streets and squares named after Lenin, Stalin, Plekhanov, Sverdlov, Kirov, Frunze. Almost every major city has a street or International Fighters Revolution.
According to statistics from 1918 to 1984 from 700 thousand geographical names in the territory of the Soviet Union, almost half of which has been renamed.
What happened after the collapse of the USSR
After the collapse of the Soviet Union, some of his republic gained independence immediately began to get rid of communist ideology and the names of a bygone era. With special fervor started doing the Baltic countries, which not only changed the names of the streets, but also demolished monuments to Lenin and other leaders of the Soviet regime. In other CIS countries, changes in the same place, but with varying degrees of intensity. As for Russia, the peak shift Soviet titles came in the early 90s. At that time Leningrad was the historical name of St. Petersburg. Several cities have changed their names since the Soviet Union already in the 2000s, for example, was called Bednodemyanovskoye Spassky. A few years ago we began to emerge suggestions as to restore the city of Kirov its historical and traditional name Vyatka.
Large media attention received changes in Ukraine, which occurred as a result of the adoption of the law "On the condemnation of the communist and Nazi regimes." As a result, thousands were renamed streets, squares and settlements, which were Soviet names. It has been changed and the names of some of the major cities. For example, the fourth most populous city Dnepropetrovsk Ukraine was renamed into the Dnieper, and the regional center of Kirovograd called Kropyvnytskyi.
Why do the Russian authorities do not change the name of the Soviet geographic features?
If you look at the situation from the point of view of the Russian legislation, it states that the change of names of names allowed for "the return of their names, which were widely known in the past and present." Nevertheless, the issue of changing the names of cities and streets have a negative side, namely the associated economic costs. After all, even a few to rename streets and cities need to allocate money from the state budget. This change all plates, signposts. In addition, people need to change the names of geographic features in their documents.
And when you consider the number of Soviet titles, which have been preserved to date, these changes can be a severe blow to the state's economy. According to statistics, in Russia only some names of names built on Lenin, there are more than 8000.
In addition, as shown by the same attempt with the renaming of the city of Kirov, not always residents of such settlements are ready to support the name change of the village in which they live. But officials have been known to simply have to listen to the views of ordinary citizens.