Mystery story of the expedition of Peter I in Africa
• The history of the secret expedition of Peter I in Africa
With the onset of the Age of Discovery Spain and Portugal have rushed to cut the world, establishing its authority in the overseas territories. Later they were joined by Britain, France and Holland. But Russia, which had no sensible navy could only dream about joining the neighboring lands. While on the throne is not ascended Peter I.
Great reformer, among other things, brought in from Europe, the culture of shipbuilding. With the advent of solid vessels the emperor could not appear colonial ambitions. But by the time most of the land has been divided, so I had to look for something that is bad. Poor lying island off the east coast of Africa called Madagascar, where pirates have organized semblance of state.
First in Madagascar hosted the French, but in 1670 a rebellion broke out on the island, and all the colonialists massacred. The remaining base was chosen corsairs: hence it was easy to attack commercial ships en route to India and back. From time to time the Europeans sent punitive expeditions, but not too accentuated, so it was not possible to eradicate piracy. So gradually it took shape on the island of the so-called Kingdom of Madagascar, which ran the authoritative pirates.
Madagascar Map 1702.
In 1721, to seize Madagascar conceived Swedes. After losing the Northern War, the kingdom was in need of new sources of income. At the head of the African expedition put Vice Admiral Daniel Wilster, but it soon became clear that the treasury is so thin that the money for the equipment of ships is not enough, and the project stalled.
It wilster also proved to be very cunning man: soon he arrived in St. Petersburg, where he announced that Russia is not the enemy, and has an important state affair to the king (amazing, but the simplicity of manners). Peter found out about Madagascar, was kindled.
The training launched in Reval (now Tallinn) in secrecy. All correspondence was conducted in the camp office of the commander of the Russian fleet General-Admiral Apraksin without the involvement of staff of the Admiralty Board and the Board of Foreign Affairs, they were filled with representatives of the Western courts. The documents do not indicate a destination, wrote: "To follow you at the appointed place."
World Map of the XVII century with the intended route of the expedition.
Wilster taken to the Rogervik, and to the departure he had lived in the house of the commandant in complete isolation, virtually a prisoner of state. We decided not to go under a military flag, and since mnogopushechnye frigates under the trade flag - a phenomenon suspicious, was ordered to avoid busy shipping lanes. Paved route is not across the Channel and around the UK.
The allocated from the treasury three thousand rubles outfitted two frigates of the Dutch built "Amsterdam Galya" and "Dekron de Livde". Wilster led an expedition was entrusted to defeat the main pirate base, deliver a letter to Peter the ruler of Madagascar and agree with him on establishing diplomatic and trade relations.
The ships came from Revel 21 December 1723. But before they even get to the Danish cores as in a storm one of the frigates had sprung a leak, and the other problem is detected with stability. They had to return empty-handed to the port. Peter nevertheless not abandoned his intention, turned more and more careful preparation. However, after the death of the cross put Russia's first emperor in the African campaign. So Russia and reached the Black Continent.