Ten of the most polluted places on the planet
• The top ten most polluted places on the planet
99% of scientists agree that the Earth's climate is changing at a tremendous speed, faster than they can analyze it. The remaining percentage of scientists and other industrial oil-producing companies pay generous subsidies to cover the shameful consequences of their activities. Carbon dioxide - just one of many causes of global climate change. A much more serious problem is methane - it is approximately 17 times more toxic than carbon dioxide.
As the glaciers are melting in the oceans, produces methane, which was hidden in them for millions of years in the form of frozen plants. If all the glaciers of Greenland of 2, 3 cubic kilometers will melt, sea level rise of 7, 2 meters, and hundreds of the most populated cities in the world will be completely under water. It is unknown for how long the second largest ice cap in the world could melt, but the worst part is that the largest glacier - Antarctica - had already begun to melt.
In recent years, tremendous quantities of hazardous wastes fall into the Earth's atmosphere. Industry and fuel companies are destroying natural resources, cut down forests and releasing deadly substances into the atmosphere. On Earth, there are places that seem to have nothing to help, only time.
10. Agbogbloshi, Ghana - dumping of e-waste.
Most of the electronics that we throw away, is likely to be a vast, constantly burning dump in Ghana. Here terrifying levels of mercury, 45 times higher than permissible in the USA. More than 250,000 Ghanaians living in hazardous and life-threatening conditions. This is especially true of those whose work - picking in this dump in search of metal to be processed.
9. Norilsk, Russia - Mines and Metallurgy.
Once there were camps for enemies of the people, and now it is the second largest city in the Arctic Circle. The first mines appeared here in 1930, when no one thought about the environment. There is the world's largest facility for melting of heavy metals, which allocates about two million tons of sulfur dioxide into the atmosphere each year. Miners in Norilsk live ten years less than the average in the world. This is one of the most polluted places in Russia, even the snow has a sulfur taste and black color. Sulfur dioxide emissions cause diseases such as lung cancer.
8. Niger Delta, Nigeria - oil spills.
Every day of this zone is pumped about two million barrels of oil. About 240 thousand barrels of falls in the Niger Delta. From 1976 to 2001, there were about seven thousand cases of oil spill in the river, and a large part of the oil has not been collected. Spills heavily contaminated air, resulting in an carcinogens such as polycyclic hydrocarbons. According to the estimates made in 2013, the study of pollution caused by the spill, has a huge impact on cereal crops, which led to an increase in digestive disorders in children by 24%. Among other consequences of the oil spill is also called cancer and infertility.
7. The Matanza-Riachuelo, Argentina - industrial pollution.
Around 15,000 companies dump toxic waste into the river Matanza-Riachuelo which flows through the Argentine capital Buenos Aires. People who live there, have almost no sources of clean drinking water. Here, the high level of diseases associated with diarrhea, cancer and respiratory diseases, which reaches 60% of the 20 thousand people living on the banks of the river.
6. Hazaribagh, Bangladesh - leather production.
About 95% of registered tanneries in Bangladesh are in Hazaribagh, the area of the capital Dhaka. It uses outdated and banned in other countries, tanning techniques, not to mention the fact that all of these production emit around 22 thousand kubolitrov toxic chemicals into a major river. Hexavalent chromium, which is contained in these wastes, causes cancer. Residents are forced to contend with high respiratory and skin diseases, as well as with acidic burns, nausea, dizziness and pruritus.
5. River Valley Citarum River, Indonesia - industrial and domestic pollution.
Levels of mercury in the river more than a thousand times higher than the standards of the American Environmental Protection Agency. Additional studies have revealed extremely high levels of toxic metals, including manganese, iron and aluminum. The capital of Indonesia, Jakarta - a city with a population of 10 million people. Citarum River valley of the river is covered with a lot of different toxic waste - industrial and domestic, which is discharged directly into the river water. Fortunately, the authorities have taken the initiative to clean up the river, which will be financed by a loan from the Asian Development Bank for $ 500 million.
4. Dzerzhinsk, Russia - chemical production.
300 thousand tons of hazardous chemical waste was thrown in and around the city from 1930 to 1998. In 2007, Dzerzhinsk entered the Guinness Book of Records as the most toxic city in the world. In the water samples detected levels of phenols and dioxins, are thousands of times higher than normal. These substances are directly related to cancer and diseases, leading to disability. In 2006, the average life expectancy for women was 47 years here, and men - '42 245,000 people out of a population.
3. Chernobyl, Ukraine - the accident at the nuclear power plant.
The accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant holds the title of the worst nuclear disaster in history. release of radiation from the accident turned out to be about a hundred times more than the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Neighborhood of the city are empty for more than 20 years. It is believed that about 4 thousand cases of thyroid cancer, as well as mutations in newborns caused by the effects of the disaster.
2. "Fukushima Daiichi" Japan - the accident at the nuclear power plant.
After the earthquake of 15-meter tsunami covered the cooling blocks and the power of three reactors, "Fukushima", which led to a nuclear accident March 11, 2011. More than 280 thousand tons of water with chemical wastes are held in power now, and about 100 thousand tons of water is believed to be located in the basement of the four reactors in the turbine halls. The liquidators of the accident tried to send to the robots, but they melted when approached too closely. People in this area are at risk of a variety of cancers. According to the World Health Organization, is the most polluted place in the world. There is 70% higher risk of getting thyroid cancer among girls who had been exposed as a child, 7% higher risk of thyroid cancer among boys and 6% higher risk of breast cancer in women.
1. Lake Karachay, Russia.
It is believed that the lake Karachai - is the dirtiest place on Earth. It is located next to the production association "Mayak", which manufactures nuclear weapons components, isotopes, is engaged in storage and reprocessing of irradiated nuclear fuel. It is the largest and one of the least effective of these industries in Russia. It throws waste into the river, which flows into Lake Karachai, from the 1950s. The place was kept secret until the mid-1990s. On production there were several nuclear accidents, and toxic waste fell into the lake. Before authorities acknowledged these facts, the population of the Chelyabinsk region the number of cases of leukemia increased by 40%, 25% - congenital defects and 20% - of cancer. Enough exposure for one hour at the lake to die.