Why did the Soviet Union participated in the Olympics for the first time only in 1952

• Why did the Soviet Union participated in the Olympics for the first time only in 1952.

Why did the Soviet Union participated in the Olympics for the first time only in 1952

At first, he did not seek the Soviet Union to participate in international competitions of this level, and the bourgeois world sports community to Soviet citizens was a cautious attitude. In addition, in 1936 both the Olympics were held in Nazi Germany, in the most likely opponent of the Soviet state in the expected war, but these Games were to be held in Japan, from which the Soviet Union, too, is not on friendly terms.

During the Great Patriotic War and for a long time after the Soviet Union for obvious reasons, it was not just to uphold the prestige of the country at the Olympics: first of all needed to raise from the ruins and restore the state.

Changing the concept of training of athletes

After the Second World War changed the international situation in the Soviet Union decided to radically redefine the concept of training of athletes. Pre-war Soviet BGTO physical training program (Be ready for work and defense) was based on the development of sports, the necessary defender of the motherland. In peacetime, to represent the Soviet Union in the international arena this level of training was not enough. And the participation and victory in the Olympics was required for our state to raise its prestige. The work to create the conditions for the inclusion of representatives of the USSR to the International Olympic Committee had already begun in the late 1940s.

The first Olympics with the participation of the USSR

Winter Olympics in Norway, the Soviet Union missed. Firstly, this was part of a Western country hostile to the Soviet Union, NATO, and secondly, there was no absolute certainty that the Soviet national team will perform well. At the Summer Olympics in 1952 in Helsinki, in the team event of the USSR took second place, winning 71 medals, 5 medals less than the United States. Soviet athletes received more of all the silver and bronze medals, gold as they had 22, while Americans - 40.

Basic training our athletes performed at home, arriving just on performance and conducting at the Olympics just a few days. In Helsinki, at the request of the Soviet Union two Olympic villages were built - "capitalist" and "socialist."

Basic training our athletes performed at home, arriving just on performance and conducting at the Olympics just a few days. In Helsinki, at the request of the Soviet Union two Olympic villages were built - "capitalist" and "socialist."

It was the first and only under Stalin Olympics with the participation of Soviet athletes. Following games, which made the team of the USSR, took place in winter 1956 in the Italian Cortina d'Ampezzo. The Soviet Union was represented by 55 athletes - skaters, skiers, skiers and hockey players. Our country has won 16 medals - 7 gold, 3 "silver" and 6 "bronze", and in skiing with our athletes it was the first Olympic bronze medal.

The separation and desire to win

Gradually gained confidence that the USSR team can successfully compete with Western athletes and win. Due to the closeness of the Soviet state, separated it from Western countries was complicated by the development of professional sports, many training methods had to develop on their own, without relying on the world experience. The first Olympic Games Soviet athletes triumphed in those sports where it is not required special technical devices, - ski and skating. However, in Russian hockey it had a rich history, and many of the techniques used by our hockey players, both recognized the Canadians, they were incomprehensible. Western athletes have specifically examined our methodology games. Over time, the leadership of the Soviet Union had to deal with the development of material and technical base for the Olympic reserve, purchase abroad for them, anything that is not produced in the Soviet Union.

In total, from 1952 to 1988, the year the Soviet Union took part in 18 summer and winter Olympics, and our team is below the second place never fell during this period.

Only once (in 1980) Summer Olympics took place in the Soviet Union. Then all presented sports (21) Soviet athletes won medals, and our team took the lead in the medal standings. America, Germany, Japan and dozens of other Western countries boycotted the Olympics, protesting against the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan.