Foreigners serving in the Russian army

In the history of Russia occupies an important place during the reign of Peter I. reliable support for state reforms Emperor reformer seen robust armed forces. So as soon as possible to create an efficient army, the young king decided to bring in the military sphere of foreign experts. Among those who want to serve in Russia was a lot of random people: adventurers, crooks send agents. However, a great number of foreigners in every way contributed to the victories of Russian arms supply to the Russian empire on a par with the leading military powers of the world, and his valor earned the respect of posterity.

Foreigners serving in the Russian army

As a native of a small German town Munnich was awarded the highest military rank in the Russian Imperial Army

Foreigners serving in the Russian army

For this man Russia was not only the place of residence, but also the scene of the Incarnation plans and dreams. Christopher Antonovich Munnich, born Count Burkhard Christoph von Munnich, was a native of Oldenburg, Danish possessions in Germany. After receiving a good education was in the Hesse-Darmstadt and Hesse-Kassel service went from captain to colonel. Consider Russia's enormous potential, Burkhard Christoph Peter I sent his treatise on fortifications and received an offer to cooperate and to take the post of Engineer-General.

Peak career Minich Christopher came in the reign of Anna Ivanovna. During this period, he received the highest at that time the military rank of Field Marshal and the position of President of the Military Collegium. After the accession of Elizabeth's career take off disgrace Minich changed. 20 years he spent in exile. Decree of Peter III Christopher Antonovich was allowed to return to St. Petersburg. "The oldest Marshal in Europe", as he called himself, to the end of days worked for the good of their adopted homeland. He died at 85 years of age, leaving behind a lot of works devoted to the improvement of Russia.

How to build a military career in the Russian European officer Lassi

Foreigners serving in the Russian army

descendants of the ancient Norman family, settled in Ireland, Pierce Edmond de Lacey from 13 to 22 years of age had a chance to do some fighting for the French, the Austrians and the British. In 1700, they have had considerable military experience, he enlisted in the Russian army. Early career in a new place was a failure - in the Battle of Narva Russian, led by the Duke de Croy, defeated. However, after 3 years of Lacey (by the time Peter Lacy) has the rank of captain in command of the so-called noble company in Livonia. In 1705th he received the rank of Major and was assigned to the regiment of Count Sheremetev, and after a year the personal decree of Peter I promoted to lieutenant. The rank of Colonel Lacy commanded the Siberian Regiment. As a participant in the Prut campaign, he was granted the rank of brigadier, and for the successful procurement of food in Poznan - Major General.

In the battle of Fridrishtadtom and the capture of Stettin Lassi fought under the direct command of Peter I. The full talents of Peter Petrovich appeared at the Empress Anna Ivanovna, who paid tribute to the commander, granted him the rank of Field Marshal and appointed commander of the Russian army. Whole armies of the Russian State Peter Lacy gave 50 years of his life.

Why is the "father of the American Navy," Jones expressed a desire to serve Catherine II of

Foreigners serving in the Russian army

The most little-known Russian Admiral was born in the family of a Scottish gardener. 13-year-old boy, John Paul Jones got a job as a cabin boy on a merchant ship, to 19 years was the first mate, and in 28 - the British Navy captain. At a time when the North American colonies went to war with Britain for independence, Jones was living in Virginia, in the elder brother inherited from the estate. As an experienced sailor, he was entrusted with command of the warship, and was given the rank of officer. In September 1779 the squadron led by Jones won the Battle of Flamborough Head. This legendary event later became a symbol of the birth of the US Navy, and John Paul Jones began referring to his father. Military Merit Jones gave him a reason to dream of the admiral rank. But hopes were not realized, and irate admiral left the States. It was then that he was in the service of Catherine II. Drawn into a war with Turkey, Russia felt the need for experienced military personnel, so the Empress awarded to Paul Jones (Jones began to sound so the name) the rank of Rear Admiral and entrusted the ship "Saint Vladimir".

Russian career Jones destroyed detractors fabricated his accusation of rape. During the trial, Paul Jones's innocence has been proven, however, his career came to an end in Russia. He went to France, where he died of pneumonia at age 45. He was buried in Paris, and a century later reburied in the United States.

As a representative of an ancient baronial kind Electorate Hannover Bennigsen was in Russia

Foreigners serving in the Russian army

In February 1745 in the German city of Braunschweig in the distinguished Baron von Bennigsen was born the son of Theophilus Levin August, later known as L. Leonti Bennigsen. 14-year-old boy he was in Hannover infantry. He participated in the Seven Years' War, 28 - already a lieutenant colonel - he moved to Russia, which was then waged war against Turkey. Has been identified in the Premier rank of Major in the Vyatka mushketorsky regiment in the army Rumyantsev, he fought against the Turks. The colonel commanded Izyumsky legkokonnogo regiment. Headed by a special flying squad during action against the Polish Confederates distinguished himself in the war with Persia. He rose to the rank of lieutenant general, but under Paul I fell into disgrace and retired. After a palace coup in 1801, regicide and the coming to power of Alexander I Leonty Benningsen resumed a career warlord. In the rank of general of cavalry, he participated in the Napoleonic Wars, during the War of 1812 was Chief of Staff to the Commander Mikhail Kutuzov. Dismissed from service, Leonty L. retired to his estate of Hanover, where he spent the rest of his life.

For what merits the German military theorist Clausewitz was awarded the Order of St. George 4-th degree of

Foreigners serving in the Russian army

The future outstanding military theorist and historian, was born in the German town of Burg in the family official. Barely 12 years old, Carl Philipp Gottlieb von Clausewitz's father was brought to Potsdam and received znamenonostsem in Prince Ferdinand regiment. After graduating from the Military School of Berlin, he was appointed adjutant to Prince Augustus of Prussia. In 28 years directed the Office of the War Department, he participated in the preparation for the reorganization of the army. 2 years later he began to teach strategy and tactics in the officers' military school, which soon led.

In 1812, when King Frederick William III of Prussia concluded an alliance with France, Clausewitz left Prussia and enlisted in the Russian army. He participated in the battles near Vitebsk, at Borodino. Not knowing the Russian language, and therefore not being able to be the commander, Karl fought as a private, personal example of dragging the attack soldiers. Emperor Alexander I appreciated the valor of Clausewitz and awarded him the Order of St. George 4-th degree and golden arms "For Courage".