Country - wine producers who are not associated with winemaking
The first thing that comes to mind at the mention of wine - these are the countries which are famous for wine production. Italy, France, Spain and the United States ahead of the rest in this field. In addition, we know the wines from Georgia, Moldova, South Africa and New Zealand. But it turns out, there are still 10 countries where developed and valued wine.
Despite the fact that wine and wine-making Egyptians met in 3-4 millennium BC, and the wine was an essential attribute of the supreme secular and religious authorities of the country, their own wine here is little known. However, it is - scenes that reproduce the complete winemaking cycle are shown on the set of frescoes, and then how to make wine, the Egyptians are well aware. However, the current climate of the country is not very suitable for grapes, and the dominant religion adds to the complexity. Nevertheless winery Gianaclis, El Gouna produce for many tourists, local wines from "Cabernet Sauvignon", "shiraz", "Bobal", "Carignan".
In addition to Georgia and Armenia, the territory of Turkey is the region of the world where archeologists discover oldest evidence of wine - wine pottery, fragments of terraces designed for growing grapes, and more. In spite of Islam, continuing the secular society regime prevailing in the country allows a large number of wineries produce wine in Turkey, and in some cases extremely high quality. Local grape varieties, such as "kalechik Karas", "okyuzgozyu" and "bogazkere" are bright local color.
Located in the Arabian Peninsula country offer wine lovers as a manufacturer of a sudden - in a country of more than 100 hectares of vineyards, which grow varieties such as "Cabernet Sauvignon", "Merlot" and others. The history of local winemaking, as well as neighboring land, has more than 2000 years - during excavations of Roman and Byzantine settlements in the north of the country have been found quite a lot of stone winepress wide variety of designs.
Even in the only country in the territory of a karst cave of Al-Daher, discovered only in 1995, among other things, appeared monolithic wine press carved out of the rock. In the south, in al Beïda called still low (or younger), Petra, found roomy wineries. The average level of today's wines are not too high, however, they may be recommended to get acquainted - they did not show any serious defects.
Mexico majority imagines the sea as a source of tequila, but the fact that the country manages to produce and grape wine, few know. The grapes were brought to the country by the Spanish conquistadors somewhere in the 1530s, and the history of some farms monitored right up to 1597. Wines from regions such as the Guadalupe Valley (Valle de Guadalupe) in the peninsula of Baja California (Baja California) - a few hours drive south of San Diego, you can buy in the country, and some of them are available and in foreign markets. The oldest winery - Casa Madero (Casa Madero) - located in the upper part of the Valley Parras (Valle de Parras). In the vineyards dominated by heat-loving grape varieties, such as "sire", "zinfandel", "Carignan" and "Tempranillo".
In Brazil, not only a lot of "Dons Pedro", but, oddly enough, a lot of vineyards and wineries. The main wine-growing region of the country - Vineyard Valley (Vale dos Vinhedos) - is located in the south of Brazil. On the area of 81 square kilometer are more than 30 wineries: a small family winery and large enterprises. According to the OIV, in 2007, 3, 5 million hectoliters of wine were produced in the country. Despite the fact that at that time New Zealand has produced only 1, 5 million hectoliters. However, the climate of the country and impose their own characteristics - only about 11 percent of the wine produced from European grape varieties, and the rest - it is well known to us, "Isabella" and similar hybrid grape varieties.
The first wine vines in Peru, as well as in Mexico, brought the Spanish colonizers in the XVI century. The great need of the conquistadors in wine led to the fact that the vines soon covered all the slopes are suitable, but in 1687 all the southern coast of Peru affected by the earthquake that destroyed the city of Villa de Pisco and Ica. The wine boom ebbed and Peruvians turned to the production of pisco - a distillate of Muscat grape varieties. He currently holds the majority of the alcohol industry in Peru. The oldest winery of the country is Tacama, which traces its history from 1540, in fact from the first years of the Spanish conquest.
Before 1536 many monasteries south of Britain owned large plots of land on which the cultivated, among other things, and grapes. However, an endless series of wars in the Middle Ages, climate change and the secularization of monastic estates led to the fact that until the end of the twentieth century, vineyards have disappeared almost without a trace. However, since the 90-ies of viticulture and winemaking it became fashionable again, and now the vineyards in England and South Wales occupy about 1,000 hectares. Initially, British wines were not quite dry and vaguely reminiscent of a cheap German, from hybrid grape varieties, but modern winemaking direction rather focused on the production of classical sparkling wines from traditional varieties of "Chardonnay" and "pinot noir".
In the days of the Soviet Union in the lands of the Kazakh SSR was quite a lot of vineyards. However, the severe continental climate of the country required a huge effort on their shelter for the winter and the disclosure in the spring, so most of the vineyards after the Union was abandoned. To date, the country restored the one and only good winery - Arba Wine, which makes a very bright and memorable wines with a very unusual taste and aroma.
Japan most associated with fruit and rice wine sake, but local grape wines - this is one of the well-preserved secrets. 80 percent of all wine from a fairly rare pink variety "mow" is produced in Yamanashi Prefecture, which is located at the foot of Mount Fuji. Here vineyards employs about 450 hectares, from which produces about 7000 hectoliters of wine. Zone differs quite extreme climate: summer is hot and very very humid in the winter - cold. Summer days are long, carrying a lot of sunlight. Volcanic soil, well-drained, well-suited for growing grapes.
The Persian conquerors brought with them the vine to India about 2500 years ago. The first mention of wine consumption in the country appeared in written records, dating from 300 BC. The wine did not become a popular drink because of the complexity of production and the high price, but it became a drink of elite and remain so for a very long time. The influence of British colonization contributed to the growth of wine production in the country. Chateau Indage is considered the first modern economy, which started to produce quality wine in this country in the 1980s. It is the largest manufacturer of Sula Vineyards - project Rajiv Samat, who studied at Stanford and worked in Silicon Valley, and then returned home and began to manage the family business. His winery in the Tuscan style, is located a few hours drive from Mumbai, the largest city of the country.