Walking through the catacombs of San Gennaro in Naples
• Walk through the Catacombs of San Gennaro in Naples
Catacombs of San Gennaro (St. Januarius), considered by many to be the most significant paleohristianskimi ruins in Italy south of Rome. They are located in the northern part of Naples, on the slopes leading to Capodimonte. This place is easily identified by the large church Madre del Buon Consiglio. In early Christian days there were three cemeteries, dedicated, respectively, San Gaudioso, San Severo and San Gennaro. Today they are known as the Catacombs of San Gennaro.
These catacombs in Naples differ from Roman that have a more spacious passageways on two levels. The lower level is the oldest, dating back to the third or fourth century, and in fact may be the place of an earlier pre-Christian cemetery.
The place has become important in religious terms only after the burial of Bishop Agrippina Naples. The second level has been extended to cover the other two adjacent cemetery. The cemetery was dedicated Gennaro (Januarius) in the fifth century on the occasion of the burial of his earthly remains. Later the remains were transferred to the nearby Cathedral of Naples, where it is still located.
However, between the 13th and 18th centuries the catacombs were the victims of violent robbery. Restoring the catacombs became possible only after the transfer of the remains to another cemetery. Today, especially the Catacombs of San Gennaro are valued as of the period duration of use (of the advent of Christianity until the 10th century) and the well-preserved cycle of frescoes that adorn its halls and chapels from the second to the tenth century.