History of the Soviet seaman, who single-handedly captured the 5000 Japanese soldiers
• History of the Soviet seaman, who single-handedly captured the 5000 Japanese soldiers
Viktor Leonov Lieutenant was one of many highly Soviet naval officers trained for reconnaissance and sabotage operations. They blew up the German warships captured enemy positions ashore, seized captive soldiers and officers, from whom received valuable information about the movements of the naval forces of Nazi Germany.
But even the list of those who daily perform heroic acts, the name Victor Leonov takes a special place. During the Japanese war, he managed to capture the captured 5000 enemy soldiers.
In the early days of the Great Patriotic War, Leonov began service in the Northern Fleet and the last day fought against the Germans in the Arctic Ocean. During one of his operations he was awarded the highest state award - the star of the Hero of the Soviet Union.
In October 1944, his group secretly landed on the German-occupied territory near the village of Petsamo in northern Finland (currently - Pechenga, urban-type settlement in Murmansk Oblast). After a two-day march through enemy territory division suddenly attacked by German anti-aircraft battery and keep it, reflecting several enemy attacks. It was of great importance for the Red Army, which soon took the town.
One of the soldiers who served with Leonov, Pavel Kolosov, remembers his commander: "What is the commander of a naval amphibious group? You must act quickly and decisively, and then disappear in time. You have to make decisions, not shifting responsibility onto someone else's shoulders. Leonov had all these qualities. He enjoyed the absolute confidence and had a lot of friends in the unit. Leonov never worried about the little things, never engaged in the education of the personnel. He just did not have time for this. "
East (South Asian), the front
After the Soviet Union entered the war against the Empire of Japan, Leonov continued his subversive activities, this time off the coast of Korea. His name is still remembered in connection with the release of one of the Korean port of Wonsan.
The division of the Soviet marines of 140 soldiers led by Leonov landed at the airport of Wonsan to capture the city. However, landing the group was expecting a nasty surprise. They were surrounded by several thousand soldiers from the garrison of the enemy. Ten soldiers and officers, including Leon, have been delivered to the Japanese colonel in the garrison headquarters for questioning.
After the defeat of the Kwantung Army in Manchuria and successful Allied offensive on all fronts, the Japanese garrisons were faced with a difficult decision - to continue to fight, retreat or surrender.
The Japanese colonel was thinking about not whether to take Marines hostage to use them as a tool of blackmail during negotiations, when the Red Army comes. Seeing the confusion of the enemy commander, Leonov took the initiative.
Leonov Japanese colonel looked straight in the eye and said: "We fought on the western front for several years, and we have enough experience to evaluate your situation. We will not take us hostage! You will all die like rats when we extirpate ourselves out of here!
At the same time he experienced and trained soldiers acted cohesively as one man. One of them stood behind the Japanese colonel, the other immediately locked the door, and the third looked out the window, estimating the height in case you need to go this way. The latter found an antitank grenade and began tossing it in his hands, showing the Japanese the seriousness of their intentions. Desperately sweating, Colonel few minutes meditating before signing the decision to surrender the entire garrison. 3500 Japanese soldiers, three artillery batteries, five aircraft and a large quantity of ammunition fell into the hands of the Red Army.
It's incredible, but it is a convoy of prisoners of war was moving in the direction of the Soviet position, joined to it permanently surrendering Japanese soldiers and entire units. When Leonov and his group finally reached its revealed that the number of prisoners has reached five thousand.