The story of the seven-day week
• The story of the seven days of the week
Have you ever wondered why, seven days a week? Not five, not nine, namely seven? It turns out, the man began to think about it and to experiment in this area thousands of years ago. Units of this type of time, that is combining several days consecutive days, in different nations have existed since ancient times. For example, the ancient Romans were the expense of the days "vosmidnevkami" - the trading week in which seven days were workers, and the eighth - the bazaar.
Apparently, the custom measured during the seven-day week came to us from ancient Babylon and is associated with the changes of the moon phases. People saw the moon in the sky about 28 days: seven days - up to the first quarter, about the same amount - before the full moon, and so on..
At one time, the ancient Babylonian astronomers discovered that there is in heaven, "wandering" light, called planets. It was assumed that these luminaries revolve around the earth in this order: Moon, Mercury, Venus, Sun, Mars, Jupiter and Saturn. Every hour of the day was at the Chaldean astrologers under the auspices of a certain planet.
The account was launched on Saturday, the first hour of its "managed" Saturn (next to the clock - in the reverse order of the planets). As a result, the first hour of Sunday ruled by the Sun, the first hour of the third day (Monday) - The Moon, the fourth - Mars, the fifth - Mercury, the sixth - Jupiter, the seventh (Friday) - Venus. Accordingly, these titles and were the days of the week.
These days of the week the names of gods moved to the Romans, and then in the calendars of many Western European nations. "Discrepancies" in English due to the fact that the names Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday and Friday, the English took from Norse mythology, in which the Tiu - god similar to Mars, water - Mercury, Thor - Jupiter and Freya - Venus. planets names used to designate the days of the week and many Asian nations - Indians, Mongols, Koreans, Thais.
In many languages, several days a week (and sometimes all) are numbered. But not everywhere the first day of the week - Monday. The Babylonians suffered on Saturday at the end of the week, that is. To. The day of Saturn was considered unlucky. On this day it was ordered not to engage in any business, and he was called "Shabbat" - peace. This name is passed in some languages, for example, in Hebrew and Arabic.
Numbered several days a week and in the Slavic languages, but the account is carried out "after Sunday." The decision on the Sunday celebration took more Roman Emperor Constantine in 321 Sometime Sunday Slavic peoples called the week (the day when the rest of the cases, do not do anything). This name is preserved in all Slavic languages other than Russian. In Russian, Monday - this (first) day after a week, Tuesday - the second, etc. A Wednesday -.. Really an average day. In USSR used 5- and 6-day week. In 1929-30. week was a 5-day, each worker had one non-fixed output. September 1, 1931 it was replaced by a 6-day week with a fixed day of rest. The usual 7-day week was introduced June 26, 1940.
Perhaps a week of seven days - this is the optimal combination of work and rest, tension and idleness. Whatever it was, we still live accounts on one or another, but routine. So let your routine will be more paid holidays. Take care of yourself!