What was the make-our ancestors
Decorative cosmetics in Tsarist Russia used not only women, but even men. Mods bleached and ruddy face, powdered hair. That makeup was often detrimental to the health, guess. But give it up high-society ladies themselves were not allowed to: makeup indicating the status.
1. The prototypes of "Jack Frost"
It is documented that women pay attention to the face and body in the days of ancient Russia. The girls washed their faces with morning dew, gives a fresh and energizing.
All cosmetics for the face based on the natural ingredients of natural origin. For example, the hair is washed eggs, rinsing them with infusions of herbs. elasticity of the skin achieved with the help of dairy products, softens and regenerates - fats and oils. As Russian ladies blush used beets, cherries and raspberries, white flour gave the face, eyebrows and eyelashes isolated coal and soot. Often they made it too generously, so make improvised more like a doll makeup. So that a fragment of the Soviet "Jack Frost" with dressing heroine Ina Chourikova is under a completely realistic basis.
2. dopetrovskoy makeup
A different pattern was observed in the 15-16 centuries. During this period, cosmetics turns into a fashionable item. In Moscow, it is sold in special bleaching departments. And what little self-respecting citizen left in people not made up. The only thing still limped a sense of proportion.
On how the then women looked Muscovy, wrote the Russian ambassador in England under Ivan the Terrible Jenkinson. He wondered why a woman endowed with natural elegance and beauty of the face, distorting their faces beyond recognition. According to him, the mask of paint on them could be seen at a distance shot. Even decades later, a similar pattern is fixed doctor sovereign Alexey Mikhailovich Samuel Collins. He noticed that the powder and blush Russian women resemble paint that covers the pipes of homes. He echoed and traveler Oleary, accusing urban women in the rough and too cast appearance. This situation tried to prove I'm in Moscow Englishman Giles Fletcher. He suggested that the culprit of the furnace, in which the women spend most of the time. Shriveled from the heat of the face, in his opinion, could only disguise abundant facials.
3. Surplus - under the knife
White lead of the period was detrimental to health, but that did not stop anyone. In the XVII century in the Russian cosmetics used particularly widely. Before balls powder and blusher was applied thickly. If the tone mask gets too plentiful, the course was a special knife, scraped off the excess. On dancing ladies I have had to correct makeup, as podsyhaya fall off the face of the white pieces. The next century became apparent mass manufacturing production of cosmetics. It costs these facilities are very expensive, while remaining a health hazard. Recorded cases of poisoning even lipstick.
4. Peter trends and male makeup
The fight against excessive enthusiasm decorative cosmetics began Peter I. Communicating with youth with foreign ladies, Peter stated their moderation in makeup traditions. After his decree "On carrying Hungarian dress" reborn and approaches to decorating the face. Dense mask of white and blush to take positions and make-up becomes easy and transparent. Standards of female beauty is slowly but surely returning to the natural identity. Grandmothers painted in traditions of thought unthinkable for modern woman of fashion. Expanded range of cosmetics - blush is now available in several colors and chosen to tapes and dress. a new trend in society - started to use cosmetics men. Adopting European traditions, dandies boldly rosy, belilis, sprinkle with powdered wigs and fragrant eyeliner. And the cost of "dekorativki" was very high, that only increased the demand and interest.
5. What told exhumation
But the high cost of white and blush was not the most alarming feature of the cosmetics of the period. The fact that most of the funds were life-threatening toxic compounds. Lead, mercury, zinc and quicklime gradually accumulated in the body, leading to a terrible consequences. During the exhumation of the bodies of mother and wife of Ivan the Terrible chemical analysis of their remains was conducted. Researchers have tended to the fact that women have been victims of a violent death. Heavy metals content in bones greatly exceed the maximum permissible limits, and in hair detected traces of mercury. All evidence of severe poisoning. It is now clear that the Russian women for centuries killed himself cosmetics. Lead powder is corrosive to the skin and leave dark spots that obscure the more active. Eyebrows with eyelashes ink toxic antimony.
Of course, few people connected the unexplained ailments and sudden death among young beauties makeup. Temperature, intestinal pain, nausea, and insomnia have been easier to explain the evil eye and spoilage. "Lead colic" at that time is not diagnosed, and help fashionistas doctors could not.
6. escaped for the quality of color and control
In the XIX century, bright color cosmetics completely out of fashion. Women liked light dresses in bright colors, and a good complexion was considered a light pallor. Bright cheeks are now reminded of the bursting of the peasant coarseness. Welcomed almost touched whitewash the face, lipstick in the most gentle tones, and by refusing to blush at all. Popular are various skin lightening lotions, means for removing freckles and age spots. The main trend in the cosmetic end of the XIX century it was considered a scientific improvement. Finally, consumers pay attention to the quality of the products. Fashion houses competed with each other, whose funds are safer, and women's magazines published recommendations about how researchers test "unguents" for the presence of harmful compounds in the composition.