The story of how Albert Einstein was about to become president of Israel

• The story of how Albert Einstein was about to become president of Israel

Despite the fact that now the Albert Einstein is known primarily as a theoretical physicist, in his life as a scientist gave a lot of time humanistic movements and politics, so that at some point he even asked to become president of Israel.

The story of how Albert Einstein was about to become president of Israel The story of how Albert Einstein was about to become president of Israel

Of course, the main reason that Albert Einstein (German. Albert Einstein) addressed the topic of politics and humanity, were the events leading up to World War II and, in fact, the war itself. "Until recently I lived in Switzerland, and while I was there, I was not aware of their Jewishness - Einstein wrote. - When I came to Germany, I first learned that I was a Jew, and to make this discovery helped me more non-Jews than Jews ... Then I realized that only a joint business, which will be costly to all Jews in the world, could lead to the revival of people. If we do not have to live among the intolerant, heartless and cruel people, I would first rejected nationalism in favor of a universal humanity. "

The story of how Albert Einstein was about to become president of Israel

Postage stamp of USSR issued on the 100th anniversary of Albert Einstein.

When the Nazis came to power in Germany, Einstein, with his family was forced to leave his beloved Germany. The address of the scientist began to receive threats, his works were declared "invalid", explaining that "the Germans unworthy to be spiritual followers of the Jew."

The story of how Albert Einstein was about to become president of Israel

The Israeli banknote denomination of 5 TL (1968), Einstein's portrait.

Einstein went overseas in the United States, where he began working at Princeton University. Seeing that Nazism was gaining momentum in Germany, even in the hearts of the scientist refused German citizenship and membership in the German Academy of Sciences. Two cousins ​​of Einstein's sister, who remained in Germany, died in concentration camps, so that the scientist for some time interrupted with their homeland all contacts, not wanting to have anything to do with it.

The story of how Albert Einstein was about to become president of Israel

Einstein and his wife Elsa.

However, this was not the first time a scientist crossed the ocean. In 1921, Einstein was also in America, to help raise funds for the opening of the university in Israel. "For this purpose, I, as a famous person, must be a decoy ... On the other hand, I do for my countrymen, which are all over the place so bad, all I can", - he explained his action scientist.

The story of how Albert Einstein was about to become president of Israel

In addition to Einstein, along with Sigmund Freud, he co-founded University of Jerusalem (later he read in it a lecture), he also contributed to the creation of the University on Mount Scopus and the Technion (Institute of Technology) in Haifa.

The story of how Albert Einstein was about to become president of Israel

Albert Einstein at the Technion in Haifa tab. To some extent, Einstein can be considered the founder of modern Israeli science. Moreover, he warmly welcomed the formation of the State of Israel. If it was not the German fascists, perhaps he would not attach much importance the issue of nationalism, but circumstances have made of Einstein's an ardent supporter of Zionism.

The story of how Albert Einstein was about to become president of Israel

Thomas Mann and Albert Einstein, Princeton, 1938.

So in 1952, the then Prime Minister of Israel, David Ben-Gurion proposed a scientist to become the second president of Israel. The proposal has been the official and absolutely serious, but Einstein replied: "I am deeply moved by the proposal the State of Israel, but with regret and sadness that it has to reject." The scientist explained his refusal by saying that it just does not have the necessary experience for the job, especially the experience of working with people.

The story of how Albert Einstein was about to become president of Israel

Albert Einstein with his wife and the future President of Israel Chaim Weizmann as part of the Zionist delegation to the United States in 1921.