What were sentenced to capital punishment in the USSR
• What were sentenced to capital punishment in the USSR
The young Soviet state was fighting for his life in tooth and claw, with no regrets throwing its own citizens in glowing maw of the Red Terror. In the Soviet Union for a long time they were executed without a trial, but in the end, has compiled a list of offenses for which the enemy of the people clearly "smeared forehead brilliant green." Unfortunately, the list is very long.
Immediately after the victory of the October Revolution could be no question of maintaining the death penalty. It was canceled, though not for long. Then the Bolsheviks adopted a decree "On Red Terror". Dzerzhinsky himself, one of the main initiators of terror, defined it as "intimidation, arrests and the destruction of enemies of the revolution on the basis of their social class." In fact the same could shoot anyone and anything, just to discourage others were.
Law & Order
The adopted in 1922 the Criminal Code RSFS first appeared a sensible list of offenses for which capital punishment be imposed. Riots, counterrevolutionary activity, evasion of military service - was more or less clear. But with the same success could get shot for mismanagement (you know how vague this definition) or for the theft of state property.
Since 1935, a decree appeared in the same Criminal Code RSFS "On measures to combat juvenile delinquency." Now you can shoot from 12 years. It was time for the so-called "great terror": the courts and the "Troika" carried 681 692 death sentences in 1937 and 1938.
The people continue to ask
Decree "On abolition of the death penalty" was adopted in 1947. Unheard of event for the country, the citizens of which for several decades drown in the blood of their own rulers. The law lasted just three years: in January 1950, "according to numerous requests of workers" the death penalty is back in the Criminal Code. However, now it has been used only against spies and assassins who have committed a crime with aggravating circumstances.
The new code
Adopted in 1960, the Criminal Code has been used until the collapse of the USSR and was amended only in 1996. The death penalty remained in place: under article caught spies, assassins, bandits, counterfeiters and other dregs of society. In addition, the wall could deliver and for evading military service.
The Soviet government really did not like those who stood at the helm tried to cash in on its citizens. Theft of state property still punishable by the supreme measure. Could "smear green paint forehead" and bribe-takers - officials in high positions clearly fell under the firing squad.
What is now
The history of the death penalty did not end with the collapse of the USSR. Only November 19, 2009, the Constitutional Court of Russia has decided, under which no court can not impose the death sentence. Lift the moratorium on the death penalty is now possible only by changing the Constitution itself to that, of course, the authorities will not ever.