How did the "loop": aerobatics Peter Nesterov

• How did the "loop": aerobatics Peter Nesterov

9 September (old style - August 27) 1913 Russian military pilot Pyotr Nesterov first made a "noose" - aerobatics, later called "loop the loop." And although the first place in her performance has been criticized by foreign pilots, Nesterov is undoubtedly the first who made a full circle in a vertical plane at a time when the imperfect aircraft precluded the possibility of abrupt bends and sharp turns.

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Pyotr Nesterov was fond of aeronautics since my youth. At 23, he built a glider and tested it in the air. In 1912 he passed the exam on the aviator pilot and a military pilot, the following year became the commander of aviation group in Kiev. Nesterov was an outstanding theoretician and daring experimenter: he practiced tactics of air combat and perform night flights, conducted the first in the history of aviation route aerial survey, proved the possibility of performing deep bends and proved it in practice. "In the air for an aircraft everywhere support", - said Nesterov.

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The idea of ​​a "dead loop" Nesterov was born in 1912 Chief postulate that the pilot wanted to show by example - is that "the air is a medium quite homogeneous in all directions. He will hold the plane at the correct management of them "at any position. In those days it was thought that there are "critical angles of death," of which align the aircraft impossible. Nesterov also tried to prove the opposite: if the height allows, the plane can be aligned in any position.

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Peter Nesterov with his wife and daughter

Almost one year pilot studied the possibility of making such stunts and preparing for the implementation of their ideas. August 27 (September 9), 1913 at 18.15 in the sky over Kiev Pyotr Nesterov made the world's first "loop the loop" on "Nieuport IV" plane. His triumph is not only recognized, but even nearly put under arrest, "the risk of government property." A pilots forbidden to repeat the figure.

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The plane P. Nesterov Nieuport IV of * *

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The Captain PN Nesterov near his airplane Nieuport IV of * *

September 4 of that year, Nesterov published in the Paris newspaper description of their flight. On September 8 "loop the loop" repeated the French aviator Adolphe Bago. Abroad, he was immediately declared a pioneer, although he did not think so. In the spring of 1914 Pegu arrived in St. Petersburg to demonstrate the "dead loop" and local newspapers immediately began to sing the praises of the Frenchman. Nesterov had to send a telegram to the newspaper: "Imperial flying club has long been needed to confirm that the first" loop the loop "made a Russian pilot." In the summer of 1914 Kiev Society aeronautics published in the journal "The automotive and aviation life," the selection of materials, confirming the primacy Nesterov in the implementation of a "dead loop".

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Peter Nesterov - the first pilot who performed the noose * *

When the First World War, Nesterov had to continue his experiments in military aviation. He became one of the first who made a bombardment by artillery shells. At the beginning of the war planes were used mainly for reconnaissance and were not equipped with guns. Pilots or shot each other with revolvers, or climbed higher and dropping bombs. "Crows and hawks are not!" - so spoke about Nesterov Russian combat aircraft.

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to the left - a monument to Nesterov and his * loop * in Kiev. Right - aircraft Nieuport * * Layout, which Nesterov performing aerobatics

September 8 (August 26, old style) 1914 the Austrian aircraft to conduct reconnaissance flights over the airfield in Zhovkva district. Nesterov sent his plane to the opponent and rammed it. Both pilots were killed. Famous pilot at that time was only 27 years old. Nesterov did not intend to destroy the enemy at the cost of his own life, at that moment he had long nurtured the idea of ​​a battering ram - hitting the top of enemy aircraft wheels of his car or cables with a load at the end. But he did not calculate their strength and could not resist hitting the windshield. After 7 months after the sinking of Nesterov his idea realized Russian pilot Dmitry Kozak: applying air ram, he amazed the enemy and returned safely to the airport. And during the Great Patriotic War, Soviet pilots flew more than 600 successful rams.

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aerobatics founder Peter Nesterov on a postage stamp of the USSR