20 interesting facts about the sport and the athletes in questions and answers
• 20 interesting facts about the sport and the athletes in questions and answers
Olympic competitions with passion look not only savvy fans, but people who are far from the sport.
If you're just one of those, you sure there were many questions about the mysterious behavior of athletes, their mysterious rituals and many other parts of the competition that a person unprepared seem strange or wildly.
We offer sports unveil secrets.
What is that white powder, which is smeared hands gymnasts?
It is a powder of magnesia. It removes with it the slightest traces of moisture, which can lead to the fall of the projectile, and makes it easier to slip, resulting in a spin on the bars or the bar gymnasts becomes easier.
How to measure the distance at which the athlete jumped in length? He flops the whole body, so from what point is the countdown?
It's simple: the landing place is the point of contact, the proximal strap on jogging. That is why jumpers and try to pull out his arms and legs - not to accidentally strike a limb in the sand before the final landing, because in any case, will be counted only the first touch.
Hear whether swimmers interpreters music that act?
Yes. To this end, the pool under water built special dynamics. French sinhronistki Margot Chretien states: "The sound, of course, do not like headphones, but can hear normally."
Why swimmers before the start patting yourself on the back?
For many athletes it is a pat - a familiar ritual that reduces nervous tension. Some, however, argue that these claps accelerate blood circulation, which is not too much before the start.
And why some swimmers from wearing two rubber caps?
The second cap presses the gum of swimming glasses, because they sit tighter and do not risk to slide.
What the bruises visible on the body of Michael Phelps? What coach beats him?
And not only in Phelps and in other American athletes. Only it's not the bruises and marks of medical cans - those that our mothers and grandmothers as a child treated for colds. Now the sporting world - a new fashionable fad: it is believed that the medical banks increase blood circulation and help relax muscles.
What is the temperature of water in an Olympic swimming pool?
According to standards of the International Olympic Committee, the water temperature in the Olympic pool should be between 27 and 28 degrees Celsius.
Why Olympic field hockey on grass - blue coat?
Golf hockey covered with artificial grass. The blue color was first used at the London Olympics in 2012, as the blue coat is best contrast with the yellow ball, which is convenient for the audience, the judges and the athletes themselves. At the Beijing Olympic Games 2008 and the earlier the athletes played on a green field with white ball.
Why in tennis score is so weird - 15, 30, 40, a game?
Initially, the counting system has been associated with the position of the hands on the clock is ticking on the glasses-quarters - 15 minutes, 30, 45 and finally 60. However, later, in France, XIX century, with the development of tennis figure 45 was replaced with a 40 - presumably to make it easier was announcing the bill. Several times attempts were made to change the numbering system for a simpler - 1 to 4 - but they were not successful.
Why football did not become an Olympic sport?
Soccer is popular mainly in the United States. Therefore, the IOC decided that the Olympic program include sport, interesting only to residents of one country does not make sense.
What is freestyle?
Exactly what it sounds in the title: the athlete is allowed to swim any style, even a dog. Restrictions apply only to the combined relay: here athlete sailing freestyle, swimming is permitted as you wish, but not the breaststroke, butterfly, and not on the back. However, the vast majority of athletes freestyle considers this or that kind of rabbit.
What do the five Olympic rings?
They symbolize the unity of the five continents, although none of them is a symbol of a particular continent. Color rings - blue, red, yellow, green, black - have been chosen as the most common on the flags of countries in the world.
How went the tradition to light the bowl with the Olympic flame for the duration of the Games?
It is an ancient Greek tradition - however, it is known to many. Few, however, know that the ancient Greek Olympic flame was not just a torch, and the altar on which the sacrifices were offered to the gods. Fortunately, this part of the tradition did not reach us.
What sports are included in the modern pentathlon?
Modern Pentathlon - sport, dating back to the military training of the XIX century. In fact, it recreates the situation that faced the officer, to deliver a report to the commander through the enemy ranks. It includes horse racing, shooting, fencing, swimming and jogging.
Why all the gymnasts such small stature?
There are a lot of explanations. One of them says that the blame is not natural gifts and training regime. At the end of the bone a person has a cartilaginous lining, so-called "growth plate". If these pads are constantly subjected to excessive loads, they istonshayutsya, and bone growth slows. Because gymnastics at the level of high performance sport - it is very traumatic for the musculoskeletal system, these "growth plates" they wear out very quickly and the growth practically stops.
Why judo awarded two bronze medals?
Such competition scheme judo. According to it, the athletes lost in the quarterfinals, meet each other in battles for the flight, and the winner of the "Battle of the four" received a bronze medal. Similar competitions are held among the losers in the semi-finals - in a fight between them is determined by the second bronze medal. A similar system operates, the way in boxing and Greco-Roman wrestling.
Can I use the Judo for self defense?
Yes. Judo - a real martial art emerged in Japan in the XVI century and modernized in the XIX century master Jigoro Kano. Olympic sport it was only in 1964.
What is the weight gold medal?
At the Games in Rio - 2016 gold medal weighed 500 grams. They consisted of 92, 5% of silver, at 6, 16 made of copper and only 1, 34 of gold, which is only used for coating. Thus, each gold medalist Rio went for 6, 7 grams of 24-carat gold.
And how much does a gold medal of the Olympics?
Somewhere between $ 560 and $ 590. But this - the official price on the collectibles market price is much higher. Thus, the gold medal won by black athlete Jesse Owens in the 1936 Berlin Olympics, was sold at auction for 1, 5 million dollars in 2013.
Do Olympiads winners receive additional cash prizes?
It depends on what kind of country they represent. Brazilian athletes lecture, based about 30 thousand US dollars for the "gold", 15 thousand - for the "silver" and a little less than 10 thousand - for the "bronze". In Argentina, each medal is worth about 20 thousand dollars, in Russia - about 60 thousand. But in Italy, the premium for an athlete can reach 185 thousand dollars. And here in the US is awarded a gold medal winners themselves, giving each a relatively modest sum of $ 25 thousand.