The history of the Red Book
• The history of the Red Book
The Red Book - a kind of list, which appear on all kinds of animals and plants, which, if you do not take action, awaiting the complete disappearance. Annotated list, which is a book that needs to perform organizational tasks for the protection and integration of rare species at risk. Based on the Red Book data, no matter what level it may be (international, national or regional), formed by programs aimed at the protection and rescue of certain species.
The history of the Red Book started in 1963, it is directly related to the work of the International Union for Conservation of Nature, created in 1948.
The Chairman of the Commission on rare species Peter Scott, offered to give the title of the publication - "The Red Book". Later it became a holder, and the compiler of the book Planet (international Red Book). Red - symbol of danger, and, of course, it is by no means connected with red symbols of the Soviet Union, which did not prevent the Soviet Union for a long time to expose himself initiated the appearance of the book.
Replenishment of the Red Book of the new data is constantly happening. By the beginning of 1980 the world was aware of leaving the four editions, today there are many more. Although the format of their book, but they are similar to the changeover thick calendar. It was conceived specifically to any sheet can be replaced with a new one. Republish all volumes is not required.
in green paint descriptions of the species, the position of which, after the introduction of the Red Book has stabilized. Unfortunately, much more represented endangered animals, birds, fish and plants. For example, today the red book will tell about the 305 species and subspecies of endangered mammals. Of these, the situation stabilized only in 7 species. Of 258 bird species (and subspecies) to improve positions in only 4 of the 98 descriptions of reptiles green colored only 2. The situation has not improved in any species of fish and amphibians. In the entire history of the Red Book, is completely extinct 14 species of animals.
Not having a legal status and without being binding, the Red Book of ASMC recommendations can only help the governments of those countries where a species has developed threatening situation.
At the end of 1988 ASMC created a new form of information on wildlife, which is called "Red List of Threatened Species," is not synonymous with the Red Book, but it performs the same function with a different classification methods.
2001 - Time reissue Russian Red Book. It has created, adhering to the principles, which are described in the "Red List of Threatened Species", the classification is not only species, but also the disappearance of powers. In addition, each subject of the federation and the edge publishes your local Red Book.