Popular attractions century ago
• Popular attractions century ago
Priceless historical monuments and famous cities in the world were once quite common, indistinguishable from other landscapes. Photos of the popular tourist destinations of a century ago and now reveal the amazing changes that have occurred with these places in a relatively short period of time.
Mount Rushmore in 1905. Once Lakota Indians, who inhabited this area, called the mountain "Six forefathers." In 1930 it was renamed after Charles Rushmore, American lawyer from New York, who organized the expedition for the first time visited the area in 1885. Construction of the monument began in 1927 and ended in 1941. During construction there were fatal accidents, but some workers have died then because of lung disease caused by granite dust.
Mount Rushmore right now. In the mountain carved head of George Washington, President, Thomas Jefferson, Theodore Roosevelt and Abraham Lincoln.
Lincoln Memorial in 1917. Then no one could imagine that in the 2000s, every year six million people will visit this place. Memorial, located on the banks of the Potomac River, includes a huge statue of a seated Abraham Lincoln, the two stone slabs engraved with the text of the second inaugural address Lincoln and his Gettysburg Address. Marshland later turned into an artificial pond.
Lincoln Memorial today. Near the monument, which is located in the heart of Washington, there were many protests, speeches and debates. In particular, it is here that in 1963 Martin Luther King delivered his famous speech "I Have a Dream".
Great Sphinx of Giza in 1871. The photograph posing French Egyptologist Auguste Mariette and Emperor Pedro II of Brazil with other members of the expedition.
Great Sphinx right now. For centuries, the oldest known monumental sculpture in the world is damaged (she fell off the nose), Unearth and perpetuated. The Sphinx was carved out of the base of the Giza plateau and excavated by French explorers in the early 1900s. The most popular version of its purpose - it was erected ostensibly to symbolize the pharaoh Khafre (2558-2532 BCE...).
The statue of Christ the Redeemer in 1924. The statue height of 38 meters in Rio de Janeiro is made of reinforced concrete and porous stone. The biggest religious sculpture was built only on the money donated by the Brazilian Catholic community. Construction began in 1922 and lasted six years.
The statue of Christ the Redeemer today. Twice a statue beat lightning, and in 2007 it made the list of the new seven wonders of the world.
Olympic Games in 1896. Begun in 776 BC, the Olympic Games used to be held in honor of the goddess Athena. Panatenaik Stadium in Athens, reconstructed from the ruins of the ancient Greek stadium, built entirely of marble and is one of the oldest stadiums in the world. In April 1896 there were the first international modern Olympic Games, in which 14 countries participated.
Olympic Games today. Japan pledged $ 3 billion to host the Olympics in 2020. The underground stadium in Tokyo, contain not less than 68 thousand people. More than 200 countries will take part in these Olympic Games.
The Eiffel Tower in 1887. It not initially assumed that this monument of engineering will be permanent. Gustave Eiffel built his tower to the 1889 World's Fair, and then it had to be demolished. From the tower he refused to Barcelona, and it was transported to Paris. When Paris surrendered to Nazi Germany in 1940, the French cut the cables of elevators at the Eiffel Tower, the Germans had to go through all 700 levels before you hoist your flag.
Eiffel Tower today. Now Eiffel Tower attracts more tourists than any other paid tourist attraction in the world. Around the world there are at least thirty copies thereof.
San Francisco in 1906. Then, in an earthquake of magnitude 7, 8 points destroyed Bay area. Killed more than three thousand people. At that time, San Francisco was the ninth largest city in the United States. About 80% of the city was destroyed due to the fire, and many residents fled to Oakland and Berkeley. Financial losses due to natural disasters exceeded $ 400 million.
San Francisco today. San Francisco has a population density of about 18,451 people per square mile and is the second most densely populated city of the United States after New York.
Times Square in 1898. The island of Manhattan for the first time settled by the Dutch in 1624, and the area is now the Times Square was a transportation center. The land around the place where the horses were kept and livestock, was called Longacre. In 1904, the newspaper The New York Times moved into the building on 42th Street with access to the Longacre Square. Soon there will be a metro station, and the area was renamed Times Square. Three weeks later came the first electric advertising on the wall of the bank on the corner of 46th Street and Broadway.
Times Square right now. This place is visited by 50 million people a year, and during the influx of tourists to these streets goes up to 460 thousand pedestrians.
Boston, 1860. It is the oldest surviving photograph taken with a bird's-eye view. It did American James Wallace Black 13 October 1860, rising in a balloon to a height of 630 meters. In this picture we see two historic landmarks: The Old South Church, built in neo-Gothic style, and the original church of the Holy Trinity, which is soon to be destroyed by a big fire in Boston in 1872 and then rebuilt.
Boston today. Based Puritan colonists in 1630, Boston became the first city in the United States, where there was a public school, the first subway system and the first public park. It is believed that the inhabitants of Boston more than others donate to charity and are proud that their city has become an international center of higher education.
Kyoto in 1886. Shijo-dori Street and the surrounding area has become one of the most popular destinations among tourists visiting Kyoto. By the number of shops and restaurants, this place is competing with Tokyo. "Shijo" means "fourth street." It has existed since then, when Kyoto was the capital and was called Heian-kyo - the "capital of peace and tranquility."
Kyoto was the capital of Japan for more than a thousand years, from 794 to 1868. Some still believe that Kyoto - the true capital of Japan, while the imperial throne was moved to Tokyo in 1868.