The most frequent Russian disease
The Australians took first place in the incidence of skin cancer. The inhabitants of the Caucasus and Central Asia, more often suffer from cancer of the esophagus and stomach. Chinese living in the north-east of the country, are subject to a disease like Keshan, which occurs due to a lack of selenium in the soil. And if the disease has inherent basically Russian?
In science, there is such industries as medical geography. She is studying diseases related to racial and ethnic peculiarities of a people, as well as the geography of his residence. Cardiologist Love Bagiyan gives examples of the disease, the most common among the peoples of the Far North, as well as the Koreans and the Japanese - alcoholism. And all because their body is very low content of enzymes that break down alcohol in the blood.
At the same time the natives of New Guinea and the Solomon Islands do not know what is hypertension. And this is connected with the peculiarities of their food: they eat little salt and often eat foods rich in potassium.
In 30 percent of the Russian hypolactasia observed. This is when the body produces very little lactase - an enzyme that helps the normal digestion of milk, says senior researcher laboratory analysis of the genome of the Institute of General Genetics. NI Vavilov Institute, PhD Svetlana Borinskaya.
The scientist explains that in ancient times, among all peoples on Earth lactase existed only in children up to five years. In adults, it almost was not, because they do not drink milk. It is simply not enough. But then in many of today's European countries (Sweden, Netherlands, Denmark) was developed cattle, and milk became available for both children and adults. Over the centuries, there was an adult organism mutation inhabitants of these countries, it has become more and longer to produce lactase. And in Russia, the milk on an industrial scale began to develop much later, so the disease is more common in Russian than in Europeans.
Geneticist Valery Ilyinsky confirms these data. For a disease that most commonly affects Russian, he also carries a hereditary deafness, phenylketonuria and cystic fibrosis.
Physician, endocrinologist, andrologist Irakli Buziashvili claims that the Russian medicine "inherited" a number of diseases which are diagnosed mainly in the Soviet Union. Among them, for example, dystonia. This disease is not found in any English-speaking guide. This diagnosis, according to Irakli Buziashvili, set at one hundred malosvyazannyh each other symptoms: pressure, cold extremities, headaches, dizziness, darkening of the eyes. One of them was enough to put a vascular dystonia and an outstanding person sheet of temporary disability.
A couple more of these diagnoses, which says Irakli Buziashvili is osteochondrosis and salt deposits. In the foreign-language literature, they are, but with a clear description of symptoms. In addition, they are very rare. What is diagnosed under these names in Russia, it has symptoms of gout, osteoarthritis and other diseases. By the way, gout contributes to the deposition of uric acid in the soft tissues and joints.
With the advent of spring, perhaps two-thirds of us say with confidence: "I have a spring beriberi." And when someone from the family gets sick often, we make other common "sentence": "This body is weakened due to immunodeficiency." In the United States, Canada, European countries, these diseases are well known. But no one ever connects them to a particular season. There are available the description of what exactly can be a vitamin deficiency or immune deficiency. By the spring or autumn it is irrelevant.
The first best-known work in this branch of knowledge "Generalization of general medical practice geography" was published in 1792. Fino. It detailed the diseases peculiar to a particular ethnic group or people living in a given territory. Today this area is still interesting to geneticists, doctors, psychologists, biophysicists. At the same time, in today's world, people easily change their place of residence, interethnic and interracial marriages are mixed genes of different ethnic groups, so a person diagnosed increasingly depends solely on its individual characteristics.