The truth about D'Artagnan and the rest of the king's Musketeers

• The truth about D'Artagnan and the rest of the king's Musketeers

Each of us is a child familiar with the adventures of D'Artagnan, musketeer in appearance. The history of the proud nobles confrontation vile machinations of Cardinal turned in Dumas so plausible that nobody dared to doubt that the noble royal musketeers of France in the world just was not a soldier. But who really was a real D'Artagnan and the musketeers engaged by order of the king?

The truth about D'Artagnan and the rest of the king's Musketeers

Elite Squad

Back in the 1600th, Henry IV formed the company of so-called Carabinieri for personal protection. It consisted exclusively of nobles. Twenty-two years later, Louis XIII of armed warriors of long-barreled muskets - so were the king's Musketeers.

The truth about D'Artagnan and the rest of the king's Musketeers

Gray Musketeers

Form Musketeers struck splendor. Nobles wore azure coats with white crosses and royal lilies that are no longer permitted to anyone. Every soldier relied horse gray color, so the company of people called "Gray Musketeers."

The truth about D'Artagnan and the rest of the king's Musketeers

Equipment

Treasury gave out only a musket shooters, and all the other equipment they bought themselves. Everyone had to be armed with a sword, broadsword, two pistols, and dagoy Bagineti. In addition, the musketeer trusted personal servant, and paid out of pocket.

The truth about D'Artagnan and the rest of the king's Musketeers

Intrigues Mazarin

With the death of Louis XIII came to an end, and the first company of musketeers. The fact that Cardinal Mazarin tried to shift de Treville to the post of commander, and in its place put his nephew, Philip Mazarin. Having failed, the Cardinal was able to achieve the dissolution of the musketeers, and in 1646 realized his plans.

The truth about D'Artagnan and the rest of the king's Musketeers

Captain D'Artagnan

A devotee king d'Artagnan (Charles de Batz de castelmaurou, Count d'Artagnan) had an opportunity to restore the company of Musketeers in 1665. He increased the number of soldiers to 330 people and turned the unit in an independent unit with its treasurer, a surgeon, a gunsmith, and even a priest. In addition, the company developed its own banners and standards. They were shown flying out of the mortar bomb and the motto Quo ruit et lethum ( "Where fall, there is death").

The truth about D'Artagnan and the rest of the king's Musketeers

Military Academy

Under the command of D'Artagnan company flourished. In fact, the captain turned it into a military school for the nobility: the whole French know esteemed honor to send their kids to school and served in the musketeers. When D'Artagnan the king's Musketeers became known throughout Europe, which gave rise to a number of imitators.

The truth about D'Artagnan and the rest of the king's Musketeers

Small musketeers

In 1660, Cardinal Mazarin, the king gave a gift to your own team guards. From it was formed company "Small Musketeers", which is the nominal commander himself became the ruler of France. After seeing all the signs of the highest patronage, many nobles found a new company of more prestigious. As a result, between the Musketeers from different groups ensued latent hostility, supported by constant competitions in luxury. The court called this period "War of lace."

The truth about D'Artagnan and the rest of the king's Musketeers

Death of a Hero

At the siege of Maastricht in 1673. D'Artagnan was killed. This affected the whole company: Louis XIV decided to form it anew, at the same time changing the uniform statute. Now Musketeers wore a red uniform, black boots and a black hat with the white feathers.

The truth about D'Artagnan and the rest of the king's Musketeers

King's bodyguards

New musketeers became direct bodyguards of the king. Soldiers of Company served in the royal chambers, and on the battlefield functions performed cavalry archers. Muskets gradually receding into the past: now the soldiers were armed with guns.

The truth about D'Artagnan and the rest of the king's Musketeers

Dissolution unit

The last battle for the king's Musketeers took place in 1746. After the Battle of Fontenoy company for some time continue to serve as decorative protection and was finally disbanded after the death of Louis XV. So the legendary squad fell victim to the usual savings.