History of the Niva
• History Niva
This machine designers are justifiably proud of the Volga car. Ahead of its time in the 20 years, became a legend not only in the USSR but also abroad - "Niva" has really become a revolutionary development. Actually, it is quite possible to call our car is the world's first all-wheel drive crossover, enjoyed resounding success in hundreds of countries.
Vehicle for sat
UAZ all-wheel drive cars in the late 60s had neither army nor even the common people. Meanwhile, in the village of four-wheel drive car it was very necessary. Development of machines "for the village" on the instructions of Alexei Kosygin do the three largest countries of the plant: AZLK, AvtoVAZ and Izhmash.
Won VAZ engineers. Rejecting the idea of using the basis of the usual "Lada", the designers created a brand new SUV, which could boast of not only all-wheel drive, but also a very decent interior. It's funny that all-wheel drive car decided to do, simply because so is cheaper.
Fiat classified as
Testing of prototypes, appeared in 1972, were held in Central Asia and the Urals. The test specimens had a logo on the back of a fictional brand of Formika, engineers themselves said, though on tests checked Romanian "Fiat". Many believe it.
pipeline and export of
The car has passed all the tests brilliantly. Successful design is so liked the party that in 1976 cars entered into mass production. Two years later came out with conveyors 70 thousand SUVs per year and as much as 80% of them are directly exported.
in the West recognition
Of course, on the export of cars were in the deluxe version. Rear wipers, sunroof, panoramic mirrors, protection of lights, fog and even winches - "Niva" abroad has become extremely popular. Especially loved SUV the Germans and the British, although those and others had their own designs. By the way, "Niva" was the only Soviet machine that has fallen even on the Japanese market.
Not without a special development. The army going to deliver the amphibian and even made the first successfully tested a prototype. There was mikrogruzovik "Corporal", which, unfortunately, also in mass production did not go.