Life of an ordinary German town
• The life of an ordinary German town of
Normal German town with a population of about 220 thousand. Man. Walk along the facades of old houses, the back streets, alleys and peek into courtyards ordinary citizens.
The city of Lübeck was founded in 1143 on the island that arose at the confluence of the rivers Trave and Schwartau. It is called are nearby Slavic settlement Liubech conquered by the Germans. The city became an outpost at Germanization of northern Slavic lands, but its location near the coast of the Baltic Sea allowed to Lubeck, and soon become a major trading center.
There were organized merchant trade fairs, and the general decline of trade in other German cities, they have led to the rise and prosperity of the city. Lübeck were granted numerous privileges, including the right and the municipal government, and in 1160 the bishopric was founded here.
In 1201 Lübeck capture the Danes, but after 25 years he regains independence. In honor of this event, the Emperor Frederick II provides Lubeck status of a free imperial city. The uniqueness of Lübeck lies in the fact that he was able to maintain this status for 711 years, and only in 1937, Lübeck lost its independence and was annexed to the land Shlezving-Holstein.
Thus, Lubeck survived in its status two German Empire and maintain independence longer than any other German city. Lübeck one of the first cities joined the Hanseatic League, and soon took the lead in it, becoming the capital of the Hanseatic League.
The city is drained many products are based merchant companies in Germany, Scandinavia and Russia. Wealth merchants leads to rapid urban decoration and construction plurality churches. In 1531 after a long struggle between the different parties of burghers, Protestantism was introduced in Lübeck.
Catholic monasteries are closed, or give into hospitals. At this time, after the discovery of America, busy trade routes gradually moving from the Baltic to the Atlantic, and the German city overshadow England and the Netherlands. Hansa breaks, however Lubeck manages to retain its position of a major shopping center.
In the Thirty Years War the city managed to defend its neutrality, and it is practically not affected. However, from that moment it begins a gradual decline of Lübeck, which was achieved in 1803 peak, when he was 10 years old came under French occupation.
After the defeat of Napoleon, by decision of the Congress of Vienna, Lübeck is once again becoming a free city, although consistently participates in the Association of German cities, and then to the German Empire. The most famous natives of Lübeck is the winner of the Nobel Prize, writer Thomas Mann and the first Chancellor of West Germany, Willy Brandt.
The center of the city, located on the island, washed by two rivers, is an ensemble of buildings built of red brick.
3-5-storey houses in the city are crowded Druk other closely in the narrow streets, wriggling around the main city hall square. Most of the narrow end with triangular pediments.
Entrance to the court yard was carried out through the narrow niche in the houses facing the street. The main condition - to pass through could carry the coffin, as in the city and the law is written. Each pass was numbered just over 200, today preserved 90.
The courtyards and walkways of the old town of Luebeck have developed in the Middle Ages, when the city began to prosper and grow rapidly due to the occurrence of the Hanseatic League. The city is not elastic, and the city walls do not allow the construction to turn outwards. Consequently, there is growth, "depth".
In the facades of already built homes there are still free place for so-called Boden. So there are narrow passages to naleplennym at each other one or two-storey houses, often consisting of only one room. We lived here for the poor - laborers, porters, servants.
Today, getting in Lübeck courtyards, you find yourself in the medieval atmosphere with modern touch.
Here in the restored apartment living citizens, and allow yourself to enjoy it, not everyone can.
In almost every window you can see some pretty trinket, which gives the place an incredible comfort.
Do not do it for tourists or passers-by, but for themselves.
Decorate not only windows, but also the yard, placing unremarkable gizmos or animal figures.
Going into one of the courtyards, and following through the maze, you finally come out in a completely different location on a different street.
Due to grim brown local brick Lübeck combines rigor of town houses with cozy green corner of nature.
Many houses ivy or roses - and this is the north of Germany.
Well, how? As in such beauty you can live?
You can imagine this with us? Without a fence?
Absolutely anyone can, in passing, to stop and sit down to rest.
No, gentlemen, it is absolutely impossible. It is impossible in this life and to be angry.
Because if you live among the beauty and the soul of you well and only beautiful thoughts I want to share. Admit it-ka?