Angkor - abandoned ancient metropolis in the jungle
• Angkor - abandoned ancient metropolis in the jungle
Abandoned ancient city in the jungle - familiar to us a book stamped something of Kipling's "Jungle Book" and stories about Mowgli. It is difficult to imagine that a traveler lost in the rainforest, can suddenly come across beautiful old ruins that remained from the vast and once-rich city. But that is exactly what happened with the French explorer and biologist Henri Muo in 1860.
Shocked beauty and grandeur of the buildings, braided roots and branches of trees, Henri Muo wrote about his discovery in a book-the autobiography "Journey to the kingdom of Siam, Cambodia, Laos, and other areas of central Indochina", putting their own maps and illustrations. These notes and opened for Europeans grand temple city of Angkor.
It seems that the name "Angkor" is derived from the "soot" - "city" in Sanskrit and "ONGC" - that the "ancient capital" meant in speaking Khmer.
To be fair to say that Europeans visited Angkor and to Muo - know about staying here in the 16th century, the Portuguese, and in the 19th century, shortly before Muo - French missionary Charles-Emile Buyevo, who also described his journey in the book, the remaining unfortunately unnoticed. Completely abandoned the city-temple has never been staying during the decline of the home's small for the number of ordinary people and monks.
Angkor as the capital of the Khmer Empire emerged in the early ninth century - here was the residence of King Jayavarman II, and after - his descendants. This city is considered the oldest metropolis - while the European capital, there are a few thousand inhabitants, in Angkor lived according to different estimates up to a million people! In the town of craft and industry (including metallurgy) water supply was organized developed.
In the heyday of the city having unique temples dedicated to the Hindu god Vishnu. Angkor Wat - a giant temple complex dimensions of 1,500 meters in length and 1,300 meters wide, built of sandstone. Scientists maintain that the force used elephants. Angkor Wat represents five towers lotus-shaped, rectangular galleries and around - moat rectangular whose width is 190 m.
In the center is Angkor Bayon temple - Buddhist sanctuary once consisted of 54 towers (37 survived). Each tower has four faces, looking in the direction of the four cardinal points. Temple Gallery decorated with reliefs and figures carved from stone - here their hundreds and thousands, they are dedicated to religious scenes, at least - military campaigns.
Before Angkor and have reached the hands of Hollywood filmmakers. Because of this one of the local churches informally named after Angelina Jolie. The ruins of Ta Prohm, fused with jungle trees, were the scene of the shooting of the film "Lara Croft: Tomb Raider" and the tourists they are associated primarily with the famous movie star. Cambodians do not mind - the name stuck and helps in their uncomplicated souvenir business.
As befits the ancient historical monuments, Angkor silently keeps its secrets. The study of the city leads scientists to believe that he may have created as a giant map of the sky - the location of temples coincides with the pattern of the constellation Draco. Its mysteries hide and stone sculptures of Angkor. On the bas-reliefs can be found figures Stegosaurus, which became extinct over hundreds of millions of years before humans.