Soviet ghost town on the edge of the world
• The Soviet ghost town on the edge of the world
This place is like frozen time itself and the surrounding nature is doing everything possible to take artificial construction in itself. Deer, seals and foxes - that so far the only inhabitants of the place, which in the Soviet Union called the new frontier.
Do not look for mystical inside information in the name of the village. The town was founded at the foot of the pyramidal form, that's the whole secret. Prior to Barentsburg, the nearest settlement, hence the whole 120 kilometers, so that people rarely wander in the ruins.
In fact, the first settlement founded here the Swedes. Company Spetsbergens Svenska Kolfalt equipped mine in 1911, and in 1931 sold all mine Soviet trust "Arcticugol". Before the Second World War, the Soviet Union had to rebuild a small village here, and mine own, but then the inhabitants had to be evacuated.
A thorough approach
After the war, in March 1947 from the port of the Pyramid had been laid the first street. The settlement grew, geologists find new gornorazvedochnye generation. For several years there have extracted about 70 thousand tons of coal, and by 1980 there were more than a thousand people in the Pyramid.
The plan was to turn a small village in the new district center, around which new settlements have been increased. Pyramid acquired capital high-rise buildings, private swimming pool, library and even a winter garden. People themselves have sought to arrange your life, knowing that the maintenance of high morale in the Far North could become a vital issue.
Until the 1998 pyramid remained the northernmost operating mines worldwide. In 1995 the village was visited by Norwegian King Harald V, for some reason, came to the delight of the local architecture and gave it the Pyramid of the title of "pearl" of the archipelago.
The decision on the closure of the mine was made in late 1997. At the close of the annual coal production plan was 135 thousand. Tonnes or 57 percent of design power shaft. Reducing the level of coal production was mainly due to the inability to timely replenishment of clearing front work due to difficult geological conditions. The main reasons for the decision to mine elimination is limited supply and high cost of coal production, associated with the need to perform a large amount of preparatory mine workings, as well as the ever-increasing costs of localization of endogenous fire in the mine, emerged in 1970 and applicable to the present.
What to See
The town is surrounded by unfriendly northern terrain. Mountains, glaciers and desert valleys - this situation can unsettle and most ardent optimist. Right in front of the Pyramid is a huge glacier, Nordenskjold. Sometimes it break off huge chunks of ice falling into the sea, turning into icebergs.