The history of the popular Soviet cartoon

The history of the popular Soviet cartoon

, the largest in the USSR studio animated films was created June 10, 1936 "Soyuzmultfilm". Then it was called "Soyuzdetmultfilm", and the "Soyuzmultfilm" it was renamed in August 1937.

Like it or not, and the best cartoons of the Soviet childhood can be called work studio "Soyuzmultfilm". Over the years, she released a huge number of cartoons for every taste, which we show to your children, and do not get tired to revise yourself. In addition, most cartoons contain many secrets and details that are visible only to the most attentive. Let's find them.

Winnie the Pooh

The history of the popular Soviet cartoon

The first film adaptation of the book about Winnie the Pooh belongs to Walt Disney Studios: at the beginning of the 60s was released several series about a funny bear cub and his friends. Before beginning work on the domestic "Winnie the Pooh" Fedor Khitruk not seen the Disney version.

However, he wanted to move away from images that have been portrayed in the book to create their own new and original characters. Of course, he did. All those who have seen and Disney, and our options, clearly speak in favor of the latter.

The history of the popular Soviet cartoon

It is interesting that the original Winnie the Pooh was very shaggy, his ears looked a little "chew", and his eyes were of different sizes. Piglet is first obtained from artists like thick tasty sausage. Much has been painted a variety of teddy bears and pigs before the characters acquired familiar to us kind.

The history of the popular Soviet cartoon

By the way, in the second and third series of heroes drawings have been simplified: black "points" on the face of Winnie the Pooh took shape, and rosy cheeks Piglet have been designated a red line. While working on the cartoon about Winnie the Pooh Khitruk Fedor I did not know about the existence of animated films about a funny bear Disney. Later, according to Khitruk its version like the Disney director Wolfgang Raytermanu. At the same time, since the Soviet cartoons were created without taking into account belonging to Disney exclusive rights to filming their show abroad was impossible.

The Kid and Carlson

The history of the popular Soviet cartoon

The Soviet cartoon "The Kid and Carlson" Boris Stepantseva directed, filmed on the novel by Swedish writer Astrid Lindgren and released on the screens in 1968, was enthusiastically received by both young and adult viewers.

The history of the popular Soviet cartoon

Whole series of Carlson were two: "The Kid and Carlson" (1968) and "Carlson returned" (1970). "Soyuzmultfilm" was going to do, and a third, but this idea was never implemented. In the archives of the studio is still kept the film, which was planned to be used for the filming of the cartoon on the third part of a trilogy about the kid and Carlson - "Carlson mischief again."

The history of the popular Soviet cartoon

If you really take a closer look cartoon about Carlson, we can see the following detail: at the beginning of the movie when the kid cross the road at a passing bus advertising Air France is visible.

On the lingerie of the kidnappers animated picture about Carlson's very similar to detectives from the cartoon about the adventures of a pig Funtika. In addition, the Swedish parent of a baby very much like the Soviet parents Uncle Theodore of "Buttermilk".

Leopold the Cat

The history of the popular Soviet cartoon

Soviet animated series about a cat Leopold and pesters his mice hooligans filmed at the Creative Association "Screen" from 1975 to 1993. At the time of the creation of the animated series it was not yet an art workshop. Therefore, the first two series ( "Revenge of the Leopold" and "Leopold and goldfish") is not drawn, and were taken shifting technique.

The history of the popular Soviet cartoon

The fine details of the characters and the scenery were cut from paper and shifts under glass. After each frame part is shifted to scanty distance, creating the illusion of movement. Further cartoon series have been implemented with the help of hand-drawn animation.

The history of the popular Soviet cartoon

cartoon creators have long puzzled over the name of the protagonist. The authors really do not want to call it too easy - "ordinary" snow leopard or Murzik. According to their plans, the name must have been pretty sound, and at the same time easy to pronounce.

The history of the popular Soviet cartoon

There is a theory according to which the good-natured and charming cat named author's son Arkady Hayt scenario. While working on the story of the cartoon boy trying to do two things at once: watch out for adults and watching it on TV, "Elusive Avengers". Name White Guard Colonel Leopold Kudasova, one of the heroes of "elusive", and suggested an idea as to name and cat. Hooligan mouse is also not anonymous, as many think. Chubby gray rodent called Motya, and thin white animal - Mitya. However, in the cartoon mice by name never called.

Cheburashka

The history of the popular Soviet cartoon

Soviet cartoon about Cheburashka was directed by Roman Kachanov based on the book by Eduard Uspensky, more precisely, by their joint script. Although 8 Uspensky wrote stories about the crocodile Gena, Cheburashka and their friends, just 4 series was made.

The history of the popular Soviet cartoon

Known today cartoon image of Cheburashka - a pretty creature with huge ears, big trusting eyes and soft brown hair - was coined by cartoonist Leonid Shvartsman. It is thus the first time he appeared in the movie Roman Kachanova "Crocodile Gena" (1969) and won the hearts of children and adults.

According to the preface to the book by Eduard Uspensky "Crocodile Gena and his friends", the former called Cheburashka in childhood author of books defective toys representing an unprecedented animal: whether to bear, or hare with big ears.

The history of the popular Soviet cartoon

In the book, the author's parents argued that Cheburashka - is unknown to science beast that lives in hot tropical jungle. Therefore, in the text of the book, the characters of which are, according to the writer, children's toys of the Assumption, Cheburashka really appears to the reader as an unknown tropical animal. In an interview with Eduard Uspensky he said that once came to visit a friend who had a little daughter. At the time of the visit of the writer girl trying on a fur coat, which is dragged across the floor. "The girl is constantly falling haltingly about a fur coat. And her father after another fall exclaimed: "Oh, cheburahnulas again!" This word is etched in my memory, I asked its meaning. It turned out that "cheburahnutsya" - which means "fall." And there was the name of my hero "- confessed to the author.

Three from Buttermilk

The history of the popular Soviet cartoon

The animated series "Three from Buttermilk" based on the story of Eduard Uspensky "Uncle Fyodor, dog and cat" took director Vladimir Popov. All three series were released. Much of what is in the literature, was not included in the cartoon, but the adaptation of popularity in several times higher than the popular story of the Assumption.

The history of the popular Soviet cartoon

Work on the screen images of the cartoon "Three from Buttermilk" was divided between the production designer on director Vladimir Popov's request. Galchonka image for a long time does not work. Therefore, anyone who came into the room on the artists "Soyuzmultfilm", asked to draw this character. To create it even had a hand in the artist Leonid Shvartsman, invented a cartoon Cheburashka.

The history of the popular Soviet cartoon

Uncle Fedor - the only type for which the team is working to create the cartoon "Three from Buttermilk" and did not come to a unanimous decision. Therefore, his screen image varies from series to series. Such impermissible from the standpoint of Western animation course in our country is perceived quite calmly.

By the way, the cat would Matroskin adverbs and Taraskina. The fact is that when Eduard Uspensky wrote his story, he wanted to call this character by the name of the employee newsreel "wick" Anatoly Taraskina, but he is not allowed to use his name. However, later he regretted and admitted to the writer: "What a fool I was! Last name withheld to give! "

Well, wait a minute!

The history of the popular Soviet cartoon

"Well, wait!" - this is not just an animated series, it is a true legend, which grew more than one generation. In 1969, "Well, wait!" I was ordered by the state. Officials have decided to give our answer to Disney cartoons and contributed quite a serious budget. Customer requirements were limited to a request to do something funny.

The history of the popular Soviet cartoon

With this request, the management of "Soyuzmultfilm" and appealed to well-known humorist Alexander Courland, Arkady Haight, Felix Kamov and Eduard Uspensky.

The history of the popular Soviet cartoon

A lot of controversy has arisen from the creators of the cartoon about the 12th series of the famous cartoon, when the wolf is in the sarcophagus of the pharaoh Ramses. Even admit that in this respect the Egyptian government can protest. But nothing happened.

The history of the popular Soviet cartoon

In the animated series "Well, wait!" Amazing musical selection, which used popular records of Western and Soviet music. But they never were specified in the animated output. Then it was taken.

Music that sounds during the credits - saver, "Well, wait!" - called Vizisi ( "Water skiing"), and was published in the collection of the Hungarian pop music by "Melody" in 1967. Its author - Hungarian composer named Tomas Deak (Tamás Deák).

last year's snow was falling

The history of the popular Soviet cartoon

As mentioned composer Grigory Gladkov during a speech in a humorous program "Around the laughter" cartoon "last year's snow was falling" was the original working title "Holy smoke, thick forest", and the main character in it was the janitor from "Plasticine Crow" . Then the visual concept of the main character finalized, however, as the title of the painting.

The history of the popular Soviet cartoon

The role of the narrator in the movie, "last year's snow was falling" was originally planned to give Leah Akhedzhakova. She even voiced a cartoon, but the director Alexander Tatarsky did not like. As a result, both roles - and man, and storyteller - gave Stanislav Sadalsky. Sadalsky who voiced the role of the man and the narrator in the movie, "last year's snow was falling" was not listed in the credits. Shortly before putting the actor cartoon detained at the restaurant "Cosmos" with a foreign citizen, followed by a denunciation of the Chairman of Radio and Television SG Lapin. As punishment for communicating with foreigners actor's name was decided to remove from the credits.

Cartoons "last year's snow was falling" has not escaped the attention of censorship. "In passing" Snow "I had PIS - recalled cartoon director Alexander Tatarsky. - I was told that I was disrespectful attitude to the Russian people: you only have one character - a Russian man, and the idiot ..! "