Scientists have discovered the secret of the statues on Easter Island
• The scientists discovered the secret of the statues on Easter Island
For decades, scientists have tried to solve the mystery of the construction of giant idols moai on one of the most mysterious islands - Easter. Researchers have carefully studied not only the statues themselves, but also the area around them, trying to find an answer to the question of how the moai were transported, as well as their heads were multi-ton stone hats farts red. Applying the laws of physics, archeology, methods and computer 3D modeling allowed to finally find the answer to this phenomenon.
The most mysterious island
Aerial view of Easter Island.
Easter Island conceals many secrets and mysteries. For many years, scientists are trying, one by one, discover its secrets. Amazing civilization that existed on the island for about two thousand years ago, left to posterity an impressive figure moai. By assumption, researchers, giant statues - a figure deified ancestors and relatives of the ancient Polynesians.
According to studies, civilization itself virtually ceased to exist long before the time when the island set foot man. Theories as to why this could happen, put forward two: a murderous war, to destroy existing tribes on the island, and the depletion of natural resources of the island.
However, the study of different types of spearheads "mata'a" led to the conclusion that they were not the murder weapon, and could only injure the opponent. Therefore, the assumption of the disappearance of civilization as a result of the war the acknowledgment is not found.
The mysterious statues of Easter Island if guard. Rather, there has been a depletion of resources, and then the arrival of Europeans on the island with his actual occupation of the slave trade. While culture is the moai had almost completely disappeared and been replaced by a more aggressive culture "ptitsechelovekov". Thus, somewhere in the middle of the XIX century, it was completely destroyed the remnants of an ancient civilization.
The mysterious statues of Easter Island.
The destruction of the culture and native speakers and has become a major difficulty in unraveling the secret of stone idols. Scientists are extremely worried about the question of the appearance on the graven images farts these amazing hats, weighing up to 15 tons each.
The study of giant sculptures showed: body and hat contain various volcanic rocks, which are located at a great distance from each other in different parts of the island. American anthropologists have spent many years searching for clues, and finally able to answer the burning question of the mechanism of construction of the moai idols.
The researchers took into account not only the state of the surface and the presence of scratches and damage to the graven images, and their hats, but also all the artifacts found and the condition of the soil of the island.
The ancient scientists moai
As a result, meticulous calculations it was concluded that the only possible way of hoisting hat on the head of the statue. When this question was decided by small forces: Do not require huge deforestation and participation of a large number of people in the building.
The quarry of Rano Roraku. There were manufactured stone statues.
Statues themselves were constructed so as to have the property yourself straightened, if there is not too much slope. This made it possible to move the statue, slightly shifting them alternately in different directions. In this way, people today are moving large bulky items, small steps from side to side. Idols slowly but surely moved over long distances.
But the hat fell to the graven images are not completely ready. From the quarry, where they made billets farts, they just rolled, as evidenced by scratches on the surface. Already near the statue, whose hat was designed, fine-tuned and the workpiece, using a very simple way, the owner put on a stone.
This is a method used by the ancient inhabitants of Easter Island according to American anthropologists.
Natives of Easter Island were constructed of sand and gravel is quite gentle hill, then wrapped the rope around farts and tied it to the idol. Pulling the free end, he raised his hat on the hill, where it just turned on its side and placed on the head of the monument.
This version has found a lot of evidence: the remains of slides, some lying quarries notch on farts, by means of which, and with his hat on his head. He served as further confirmation of the fact that all the statues originally stood at a slight incline to the ground. It is this inclination and gave the opportunity to wear a hat on the monument and then straighten it, simply by removing some of the stones from behind the pedestal.
This method eliminates the need for the participation of a large number of people. To install the giants of the ancient Polynesians used his sharp mind, the laws of physics, a handful of people, and a small amount of natural resources. And for centuries left a memory of himself.