In France, from the museum's priceless artifact stolen
• In France, from the museum's priceless artifact stolen
On the night of April 14 of this year, there was another theft of the museum, this time suffered Dobre Museum, located in the French region of Brittany in Nantes. Attackers penetrated into the building through the window of the museum, could turn off the alarm and stole one of the most important relics of the museum - the golden ark in which a long time kept the heart of the Duchess of Brittany and twice Queen of France Anne of Brittany.
Dobre Museum of Nantes, Brittany, France
This theft of special painfully in the hearts of the inhabitants of the province of Brittany, where I came from was Anna. In its short life (and she lived only 36 years old), Anna was able to win the hearts of his countrymen, becoming the most revered historical figure in his homeland, and after death - almost a legend. In January 2014 in Brittany it was celebrated the 500th anniversary of her death, suggesting that there is still remembered and loved Anna.
Monument Anna de Bretagne in Nantes
Residents of Nantes beg criminals to return the relic. "What you stole - not just a brilliant piece of gold weighing 100 grams. Its historical and symbolic value so much more. It can not be measured in money, "- asked the local authorities to the thieves, but to no avail.
What is Anna earned such fame, why it is so popular and loved?
It so happened that for the inhabitants of Brittany, she became a symbol of the struggle for independence, but on the other hand, the loss of independence of the Duchy is also associated with her name.
In the XV century the Duchy of Brittany still remains independent, brave fighting off claims of its powerful neighbors, Britain and France, as for them a very tasty morsel. He ruled the Duchy of Francis II, who did not want to even hear about how to submit to France, which at that time ruled the mighty Louis XI. But in 1488 the war between Brittany and France ended in victory for the French, and then the Duchy of independence was under threat. By winning the French Francis II was forced to sign a humiliating agreement under which his daughter, whom Francis had two could marry only with the permission of the French king.
But in the autumn of the same year, unsuccessfully fallen from his horse, the Duke died, and inheritance entered his eldest daughter Anna, who at that time was only eleven years old.
Councilors Anne rushed to find her fiance opted for the King of Germany Maximilian Habsburg. Maximilian agreed, but because everything was done in a hurry, on his marriage, he could not come. Then it was decided to conclude a marriage in absentia.
Learning of this, the French once again went to war with Brittany and occupied almost the entire territory of the Duchy. Maximilian was unable to help the people, and then Anna for making peace agreed at the French terms - to become the wife of the King of France, which at that time was already VIII of Karl, son of Louis XI. Her marriage with Maximilian correspondence was easily dissolved.
Conclusion of marriage of Charles VIII with Anne de Bretagne in the castle of Langeais
the marriage contract was concluded between the spouses, in which it was written that the power in Breton inherit the husband, who married another survive. But if the couple will not be sons in the event of the death of Charles, Anna will have to get married to the person who will take his place on the throne. Of course, under this agreement more likely it was the annexation of Brittany, France.
Anna pretty quickly attached to the spouse. Seven times she was pregnant, but did not succeed heirs - their children, if they were born, then die soon. After seven years of marriage, he died unexpectedly and Charles VIII, his place was taken by the king Louis XII. It turned out that Anna and Louis were long known and liked each other, but it's complicated by the fact that Louis was married. And in order to marry Anne, he had to first divorce. Anna did not fail to take advantage of it, and giving Louis this year procedure, he went to his beloved Brittany, hoping to restore the lost virtually independent duchy. But Louis had time to settle their affairs rather quickly, in just six months, and soon Anna to marry him again becoming the queen of France.
In love and harmony they lived for fifteen years, raised two daughters. Louis retained the title of Duchess Anne of Brittany, giving it a free hand in this field.
Anna and Louis XII
But then Anna's health deteriorated, and in January 1514 she died of kidney disease. Louis is very experienced loss and soon also died, the surviving spouse only for a year. Before Anna's death asked to be buried next to his heart with his parents, at home in his native Brittany.
According to tradition, Anna is the queen of France, was buried in the crypt of the Basilica of Saint-Denis.
The tomb of Louis XII and Anne of Brittany in the Basilica of Saint-Denis, France
And especially for her heart's court jeweler made from a thin gold reliquary weighing only 100 grams, which is crowned with a crown decorated with fleur-de-lis.
The reliquary for the heart of the Duchess Anne of Brittany
On it was written:
"In this little pot of gold lies the greatest heart, which one has any lady in the world had happened; Her name was Anna, twice Queen of France, Duchess of the Bretons, regal and autocratic. "
Heart Anna placed in the reliquary, according to her will, was taken to the native of Nantes, where he was buried next to his parents.
The tomb of the father of Anna, the duke of Brittany Francis II and his second wife Marguerite de Foix
During the Great French Revolution Ark narrowly escaped destruction. By order of the National Convention golden reliquary opened, emptied, throwing heart and gold shipped to the smelter. But at the Mint still there were people who hid it, preserved and in 1819 he returned to Nantes. Since 1886 this relic, is a masterpiece of the jeweler's art of the XVI century, it has taken its rightful place in Dobre museum.
The reliquary for the heart of the Duchess Anne of Brittany in the museum
And this priceless relic stolen ...
it failed as he tried to return to his duchy Anna independence do. Since 1547 the Duchy of Brittany became part of France, becoming one of its provinces.