The hunt for the battleship "Bismarck"
• The hunt for the battleship "Bismarck"
Battleship "Bismarck" is one of the most famous ships of World War II. The ship was supposed to be a formidable weapon of the Reich in the way of obtaining such a world domination wish them, but made only a single flight. The hunt for the ship led the British fleet. In order to send a ship to the bottom, the British took three days of battle.
The German ship "Bismarck" was originally designed as a receiver "pocket battleships", which were used for raiding operations on merchant ships (supply ships). However, after the French launched their own new type of battleship "Dunkirk", German designers decided to increase his creation. Reich ship was in every way remarkable. Moreover, he became the first full-fledged battleship of the German Navy, which was created and launched after the First World War. During his service, he was the largest ship in the world in its class. Its keel laid in 1936. This was done by Blohm & Voss in Hamburg.
Dimensions and motors
The standard displacement "Bismarck" was 41 700 tons. length of the ship at the waterline was 241.6 meters, while the total length of balls 251 meter. The width of the "Bismarck" reached 36 meters and a height from the keel to the top of the deck - 15 meters. The movement of the vessel 12 cited Wagner steam production boilers and turbines 3 Blohm & Voss. Power of the power unit reached 150 170 l. from. All of this revolves three 3-bladed propeller diameter of 4.7 meters each. Vessel speed stroke was 30 knots or 55 km / h. The ship could pass 9280 nautical miles, which compares with 17,200 km.
The armor and weapons
The vessel was thoroughly armored. The main and upper belt were reinforced armor 320 and 145 mm, respectively. The conning tower armor was 200-350 mm. All other parts of the ship had different reservations from 45 mm to 360 mm. The battleship was not mine and torpedo armament, but had air group of 4 machines that were launched into the sky with the help of bilateral catapult.
Ship artillery was introduced 8380-mm guns SKC34, which allowed the "Bismarck" to fight on equal terms with any other vehicle in its class in the world. It is also a further 12 150 mm artillery support. Flak was even more diverse: 16 105mm "trunks", 16 37 mm "trunks" 20 and 20mm guns protected "Bismarck" of air strikes. Served on the ship in 2200 sailors and officers.
The hunt for "Bismarck"
For its time, "Bismarck" was a real miracle of technology. Ships committed only one flight, but even it has managed to thoroughly "mischief" anti-Hitler coalition. "Bismarck" was able to sink into the Denmark Strait British flagship HMS Hood. The fight was very difficult and became revealing in the maritime business. In particular, the battle HMS Hood and the "Bismarck" demonstrated how difficult battleships drown one another. After this, the three-day chase-fight. The British fleet was desperately trying to catch up with the hated enemy, and he succeeded.
Haunted German ship "Norfolk", "Suffolk" and "Prince of Wales". Subsequently attracted other ships that were nearby. The ship was sunk by the morning of May 27, 1941. The ship conducted a shootout a few hours. In the end, the battleship went down. More than 2,100 crew members were killed in combat. Others were picked up from the sea and taken prisoner by the British fleet.