Very strange accessories, which is no more room in our wardrobe
Over the past few centuries, and everyday life of people undergoing major changes. That is why we are often puzzled out what the mysterious objects of everyday life and costume elements that we see in museums and old pictures. Here are a few strange accessories, which is no more room in our wardrobe.
1. snuff bottle
Let's start with the most harmless. In the XIX century, among the fans of snuff bottles were popular tobacco. The so-called snuff bottle was small in size and fits in the palm of your hand. Especially prized bottles, not painted on the outside ... and the inside. They were made of semiprecious stones, mouth sealed with a stopper or lid, and it was attached spoon to scoop the next dose. Tobacco bubbles appeared in China, where they were called biyanhu, and then drag in the wake of all the Chinese were taken by European aristocrats. By the way, the practice of snuffing tobacco and tobacco existence vials maintained in an era of total Weipa.
2. The clothespin for the skirt
Pins-page, or "Skirt Lifter", got its spread in the 19th century, when long skirts were still an integral part of the women's costume, but the house-boy, stick ladies loops (named after them - the Russian name of the pegs) It has become thing of the past. Women at that time began to conduct a much more active life, move more, and walked - to the skirt is not dragged through the mud in bad weather, they had to pin up.
3. Ship in the hair
Fashion second half of the XVIII century offers dramatic wigs. These wigs were attached to the carcass frames, in the course were not only hair fashionistas themselves, some of them do prefer to shave their own hair, but also horsehair. Hairstyles were akin to painting Rococo - they portrayed gardens, castles, bridges, gallant scenes and fruit baskets, decorated with ribbons, jewels, mother of pearl, shells, fruits (mainly - popular at the time dummies, snag, but not real apples and pears) . But one of the most common themes was the "sea". For Marie Antoinette wig was created "a la frigate" Belle Poule "- wire frame, a plurality of switches and the large decorative ship. Many women followed the example of the queen, pooping on ships wigs of all possible sizes and configurations. And the ladies had to use a cane for scratching their heads - in luxurious wigs inevitably settled fleas.
In the XV-XVI centuries. among the aristocrats of a new trend - zibellino. Poor hygienic conditions are very saposobstvovali spread of fleas, just do not let pass the aristocracy. Zibellino looked macabre - skin sable fur or other animal with artificial, but naturalistically made of gold and precious stones head and paws. It was worn on the shoulder, like a collar, or clung to his belt.
A little later zibellino changed its appearance, becoming a small elegant ivory box with slots, where to put the honey to attract and immobilize the fleas. These boxes were worn under wigs and dresses, and particularly passionate young man wearing on the body with his own zibellino caught fleas on the body of the beloved, and allow insects to drink their blood as a sign of romantic suffering.
5. The ribbons for shoes and shoe shoe
CRAKOW and ways of wearing them.
In the era of Gothic aristocrats coveted all elongated and pointed - like Gothic cathedrals. Cables, peaked hats, festoons on the clothes ... But the most unusual article of clothing were Baska with long pointed noses - CRAKOW. To noses shoes do not lose their shape and do not interfere with walking, they placed whalebone, scored sock tow and pulled up to the bracelet under the knee with special ribbons. Ribbon is decorated with bells, mirrors, brushes. For ease of movement produced another "ladders shoes" - a kind of flip-flops, such as sharp-nosed, shoes over Poulin. And who says you can not wear shoes on shoes?
6. Suspension with a reminder of the death of
A variety of decorations depicting skulls, decomposing bodies and other symbols of the impermanence of life known to the Gothic era. The most terrible of them - the ones that show the constant proximity to death. They were cut out of stone or wood and were a head or a human figure, half turned into a skull or skeleton. To heighten the deterrent to the skull added disgusting worms or snakes. Most often, these subjects fulfilled the function of the suspension could be attached to the rosary, placed on the rings.
Medallion with eye beloved
Fortunately, painted. "Ocular miniature" were thin watercolor miniature on ivory or thick paper, glass or a protected transparent semi-precious stone. Eyes dear people could look with brooches and rings, medallions and lurk in the inside of the box lid. They were a fashion accessory among the aristocrats of Europe and Russia in XVIII - XIX century. It is believed that they appeared because of the sad love story of Prince of Wales and Mrs. Mary Ann Fitsgerbert, his morganatic wife. In an effort to preserve the anonymity of his beloved, he commissioned a portrait of her eyes, and carried with him without taking off. Subsequently, these decorations do not have the aim to keep secret the identity of the object of sighs - for example, Queen Victoria ordered the "eye portraits" of their children, friends and relatives.
Oddly enough, full pants men started wearing not so long ago, in the Middle Ages were content with two non-crosslinked trouser legs, unite codpiece, or "pudendal capsule" - a case for the genitals. Originally codpiece, looking so provocative in old portraits, it was intended to protect the innocence of youth - fashion demanded to shorten robe to show his feet, but due to lack of middle seam of his trousers under the doublet (short caftan) could see a naked body. Priests have condemned these mods like wanting to seduce other men. However, codpieces quickly ceased to be purely functional element - they were stuffed with cotton wool, acquiring an impressive size and richly decorated with gold thread, beads and pearls. Some gentlemen preferred to wear codpieces in the form of animal heads - to emphasize masculinity. And other, more practical - Keep codpiece money.