Holland and the Netherlands - are one and the same?
• The Netherlands and the Netherlands - are one and the same?
In fact, it is impossible to put an equal sign between the Netherlands and the Netherlands. Moreover, the Netherlands, there are two: the North and South. They are just two of the 12 provinces of the Netherlands.
Thus, also the Dutch nationality does not exist, and all indigenous people called the Dutch right. However, in the Russian spoken language allowed both options. As for the language, it is Dutch, and the Dutch is one of its dialects.
The reason for this confusion - historical. In XVII century sea vessels in Arkhangelsk went from North and South Holland. Being natives of these provinces, the merchants were represented in Russia by the Dutch. Peter I made even more confusion. In the years 1697-1698 in the course of his diplomatic mission to Western Europe he visited the Netherlands, more precisely, the most developed regions of the country - both the Netherlands. When he returned, he began to talk not about the Netherlands, but the Dutch, that only reinforced the wrong idea about the Russian name of the country.
Now, these provinces have equal importance in the Netherlands life than ever before. Amsterdam, which is located in North Holland, plays the role of the financial and cultural capital.
The Hague, which is the center of South Holland, is the residence of the Dutch government and parliament. In this case, it takes the oath the monarch in Amsterdam. Even state travel site called holland.com. This was done in order to maintain a more friendly image of the state and at the same time get into the top search queries.
By the way, the confusion Holland vs the Netherlands exists not only in the Russian language. For example, in Greece, colloquially referred to Hollande (Ολλανδία), but the official name is Kato Hores (Κάτω Χώρες), which literally translates as "bottom land", in fact, as the Netherlands. The British and the Americans even more difficult, since they have the country at different times was known as the Dutch Republic, the United States, Belgium and the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
However, to call the Netherlands Holland, referring to the state, it is as absurd as to call the United States, such as Florida or Texas.