What were the Russian athletes in the history of the modern Olympic Games
Russian athletes went to the Olympics in Pyeongchang in the status of "Olympic athletes of Russia" - in a neutral way, extra crosslinked by Zasport after the removal of the national team. On the equipment allowed to put only two national flag colors - red and white - and Stripes "Olympic athlete from Russia" (or abbreviated OAR).
Let us recall what were the Russian athletes in the history of the modern Olympic Games.
At the Olympics, Russia was represented by three different states - the Russian Empire, the Soviet Union and the Russian Federation. And the attitude of these three countries for the competition was different - as well as equipment.
The first game, which went to "our", held in Paris in 1900. About any form of command at that time there was no question: the competition was attended by five enthusiasts - three fencer who did not receive awards, and two rider wishing to speak at demonstrations.
At the Summer Olympics in London in 1908, the Russians also went without form: the idea of the Olympic movement had not yet been popular. And this despite the fact that the Russian General Alexei Butovsky, author of many methodological approaches to the development of physical culture and sports in the army, was a colleague of Pierre de Coubertin, and was a member of the International Olympic Committee since its inception in 1894. In London, it was conquered by Russia's first Olympic gold - became the champion figure skater Nikolai Panin, a lightweight wrestler Nikolai Orlov and heavyweight wrestler Andrei Petrov became silver medalists. The country is considered a major success and immediately established a national Olympic Committee.
1912 - Stockholm
At the Summer Olympics in Stockholm in 1912. The delegation has already gone from 250 people. At the opening ceremony of the Russian looked very elegant, which is not surprising, because a part of it was a lot of representatives of the nobility, including Grand Duke Dmitri Pavlovich and the best tennis player of the early XX century, Count Felix Sumarokov-Elston.
Russian athletes at the Olympic Games in Stockholm in 1912
At competitions the athletes were dressed in white shirts and dark pants, no different from the representatives of other countries at the beginning of the century industry sportswear in its infancy, so the outfits looked monotonous - dark jersey plus a white shirt. Some sources claim that it does not allow to make out the color or their shape in 1912, the Russians were first markings in the form of a red-brown stripes, but the black-and-white photo chronicle.
The journal "Iskra", edition of 1912
1952 - Helsinki
Two world wars and changing political formations have crossed the country's participation in the Olympic movement until 1952. Seven years after the Great Patriotic War, Soviet athletes arrived in Helsinki in discreet ceremonial costumes, knitted trousers and that today would be called svitshotami with minimalist inscription "USSR" on the chest.
Soviet athlete Boris Tokarev, Leo Kalyaev Levan Sanadze Vladimir Sukharev - silver medalist in the 4x100m relay, Helsinki, 1952
The sports delegation of the Soviet Union at the ceremonial parade in Helsinki, 1952
1956 - Melbourne
Four years later, as an Olympic form has improved significantly, and the photos from the summer of Melbourne-56 can be seen that the sewing elastic collar replaced with a zipper. So blazer was named "Crews", and this concept still exists today. The form has brought success - the first time the national team won first place in the overall medal standings, winning 98 awards, including 37 gold.
Olympic Champion in pentathlon Derjugin Ivan, Igor Novikov and Alexander Tarasov in Melbourne, 1956
1964 - Innsbruck
In 1960, life in the country began to build, which was reflected in the external appearance of the national team. The Innsbruck-64 Soviet Olympians made a splash with their shiny coats of seal. And what else could come representatives of the first space power?
Soviet skier Evdokia Meksh, Claudia Boyarskikh and Alevtina Kolchin, who took gold in the relay 3x5 km at the Winter Olympics in Innsbruck, 1964
1968 - Mexico
The next decade and a half the team dressed in western style - bright blazers, light trousers, skirts above the knees in women. At the Europeans at that time already had a different concept of modular equipment - following the sharpest trends and inviting fashion designers.
The front shape of Soviet athletes for the Summer Olympics in Mexico City, 1968
The wrestler Vasily Merkulov at the Olympic Games in Mexico City in 1968
1972 - Sapporo
But the All-Union fashion house confidently holding a competition, and at the Winter Olympics, our athletes continued to flaunt in natural furs. According to the memoirs of figure skater Irina Rodnina, at the Winter Olympics in Sapporo in 1972, the Japanese offered to exchange two sets of shape on one Soviet - and in fact it was just about mutonovoy coat. Fur costs the state is not cheap, and the case of curiosities: by order of the Council of Ministers in 1980, the governing and staff coats stood out not free, but for 50% of the cost.
The Soviet delegation at the opening ceremony of the Olympic Games in Sapporo, 1972
1976 - Innsbruck
At the Winter Olympics in Innsbruck-76 Soviet national team arrived in coats of marmot with luxury collar of fox and hats to match. The absolute stars of 1976 became our players - stately athletes in furry hats for many years ahead determined the image of the ideal Soviet man.
The Soviet team at the opening ceremony of the Olympic Games in Innsbruck 1976
Standard Bearer Vladislav Tretiak (center) at the opening of the Olympic Games in Innsbruck 1976
1980 - Moscow
Summer Olympics-80 was held in Moscow, and the Soviet athletes for the first time put into the capitalist Adidas. Brand awareness has been erased by the party leadership: companies have banned to apply the label, and three signature stripes were replaced by a single wide (but judging from the photo archives, strips stitched not on all copies of the form). In sports circles haggling gear, costumes have become a symbol of prosperity and folklore responded to this famous "Who wears Adidas pants ...".
The front shape of the Soviet Olympians, Moscow, 1980
The opening of the XXII Summer Olympic Games in Moscow
1984 - Sarajevo
In 1984, the fashion on the invitation of famous designers came to the Olympic Committee of the USSR - at the Winter Games in Sarajevo athletes collected Vyacheslav Zaitsev. Expensive fur designer successfully replaced the age-old Russian sheepskin. Female outfit was complemented Pavlovo handkerchief and men Zaitsev proposed a ridiculous cap with a visor.
The Soviet delegation at the Winter Olympics in Sarajevo 1984
1992 - Albertville
In 1990, the Soviet Union collapsed, and in Albertville, 92 athletes were under the neutral Olympic flag as a unified CIS team. Despite all the political upheavals, athletes look fashionable - double-breasted coat with gray oversize scarves and hats, Fedora, the compilations of some international publications are in the top most stylish. However, the "Soviet Sport" in the same 1992 called outfits of athletes "unappetizing".
The Russian team at the opening ceremony of the Winter Olympic Games in Albertville, 1992
1996 - Atlanta
According to the form established by Valentin Yudashkin in 1996 for the Summer Games in Atlanta, to guess the nationality the athlete is not possible - the Russians with bright straw hats and white shirts with colored rings like the representatives of the Pan-American region.
The Russian team at the opening ceremony of the Summer Games in Atlanta in 1996
In the third millennium, an era of Bosco di Ciliegi. Company Mikhail Kusnirovich approached the case with the imperial scale, inviting designers zero in trendy Italian brand Etro, adding abundant fur and prints with Firebird - in short, all the best at once. To argue about the aesthetics can be any number, but Bosco dressed in their costumes, not only eight Olympic teams in a row (and this is only the Russian - and because their clients were also Ukrainians and Spanish), but almost half of the Russian population. Bosco Sport was able to repeat the success olimpiek 1950s, and in terms of commodity abundance. The shape of the Olympic team of Russia can be found anywhere, and far beyond the sports grounds.
The standard-bearer of the Russian team Maria Sharapova at the opening ceremony of the Games in London
The standard-bearer of the Russian team, Alexander Zubkov at the opening ceremony of the Olympic Games in Sochi
The head of Bosco di Ciliegi Mikhail Kusnirovich presents the shape of the Russian team in the run-up to the Olympic Games in Rio de Janeiro
2018 - Pyeongchang
At the beginning of 2017 seemed permanent Bosco di Ciliegi conceded no one well-known brand Zasport. However, he remained unknown for a brief period: literally a day later the Internet was flooded with comments about the kinship of the designer brand Anastasia Zadorina. To the surprise of many, created Zasport form was reserved and laconic, in the style of 1960-80-ies, although minimalism fell in the shower is not all.
equipment Showing the Russian Olympic team, and casual-collection Zasport brand in Moscow
Vladimir Putin at a meeting with Russian athletes before the Olympics in Pyeongchang, 2018