Power and strength of the Earth
The fields of modern volcanic activity or, on the contrary, the later stages of the volcanic hot springs can be formed, periodically emitting fumes and hot water. Such sources are called geysers, in honor of the area Geyser in Iceland, where they were first discovered. Gushing hot source appears due to the fact that the channel in the ground filled with superheated water column, and when the vapor pressure reaches a certain value, post boiling water is discharged to the outside.
On the planet is known not too many places where you can personally observe this unique natural phenomenon. Our guide will tell you about where are located the corners of untouched nature, among which erupt from the bowels of the earth the most incredible water fountains.
It is a geyser in a valley in the catchy name haukadalur. Geysir erupts rarely, and for several years may be in sleep mode. During the activity he throw hot water to a height of 60 meters.
Old Faithful Geyser, Yellowstone, USA
With a frequency of approximately 63 minutes in a tapered water jet ejects geyser height from 30 meters to 60, containing from 14 to 32 thousand liters of water. Old Faithful geyser in Yellowstone became the first national park, which was named. It happened back in the 1870s. Now the geyser capacity gradually decreases and increases the intervals between releases.
It is the largest cold geyser in the world. He is all alone 1, 5 hours, after which he throws at 50-60 meters water jet. It lasts about 8 minutes.
Suwako, Nagano, Japan
In Nagano, you can watch not only for the snow monkeys, warmed in the hot springs. Here it is one of the world's largest geysers. At intervals of about one hour from geyser sees water jet 40-50 meters.
In a 40-minute drive from the center of Ensenada is located marine geyser in the world's largest. a jet of water displaced by exposure to air, which enters the sea caves. The height of the jet can reach 44 meters, and the phenomenon occurs every minute, and is accompanied by a rumbling sound.
Giant, Kamchatka, Russia
From the largest geyser Valley geysers sees hot water fountain in height and 35 meters. The steam from a geyser may rise to a height of 300 meters. Eruption lasts about two minutes. During this time, geysers spew into the air about 25 000 liters of water.
El Tatio, Chile,
The Valley of Geysers is located in the Andes, at an altitude of 4320 meters. Place it considered the world's highest plateau with geothermal geysers. In the park there are about 80 active springs. The maximum height of eruptions is about 30 meters.
Pohutu, New Zealand
This geyser valley Rotorua is considered the most powerful of all of its geothermal sources. He throws up a jet height of 30 meters. The eruption of hot water and steam occurs approximately once an hour.
Castle Geyser, Yellowstone, USA
The name of the geyser was due to bizarre forms in which researchers searched the pinnacles and jagged edges, resembling a castle shape. Geiser erupts every 10-12 hours, throwing in the air for 20 minutes of boiling water column height of 27 meters. \
Geyser is located in the geothermal area around hvítá River. He erupts every 4-8 minutes. The height of the jet is in the range of 15-20 meters. Sometimes geyser arranges a real natural show, throwing water and steam for three consecutive times.
In 1916, in the northwest of the state of Nevada during drilling for the well was accidentally knocked geothermal pocket. After nearly 50 years of water from the bowels began to leak to the surface, forming a bizarre landscape. Geyser jets produces a height of 1, 5 meters, but due to its unusual shape and color moving action fascinates with its natural beauty.