Details of the filming of "White Sun of the Desert"

• Details filming "White Sun of the Desert"

This film has long been a classic of Soviet cinema, though his shooting accompanied by great difficulties, the director was accused of lack of professionalism, and the audience could not see, and on the screens of your favorite heroes. Few know that in "White Sun of the Desert" was originally not only a different name, but a different ending and cut scenes would be enough for two series.

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In the 1960s, in the wake of the popularity of "Elusive Avengers" has increased interest in adventurous movie, and at the management level, it was decided on the set of "Eastern" with historical and revolutionary content, as opposed to foreign "western". To work on the script for the new film with the working title "Basmachi" (or "Desert") attracted Andrei Konchalovsky and Friedrich Gorenstein. The plot went to a story told by a party to the Civil War, about how in Central Asia basmachi fleeing from the Red Army, were thrown into the desert their harems. Thus was born one more title of the film - "Save the harem."

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Konchalovsky soon left the project for the shooting of another film. From work and refused Chulyukin Yuri and Andrei Tarkovsky. Vladimir Motyl was planning to make a film about the Decembrists, but having received guarantees complete freedom of action on the set, he has agreed to take up the work on the proposed project on the "Basmachi". Soviet cinematic leadership called "Save the harem" it seemed ambiguous, so the other option was approved - "White Sun of the Desert".

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On the role of the Red Army Sukhov invited George Yumatova, but at that time he already had a serious problem with alcohol, and fear directed at the fact that he can disrupt the shooting, were unfounded. A week after the start of filming, he got into a drunken brawl and come to the set covered in bruises. Then the director decided to shoot the actor, whose candidacy was rejected on the samples, - Anatoly Kuznetsov.

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By shooting attracted and non-professional actors. Only three of the nine wives of Abdullah actresses, the others were far from the movie world. Women are hard to tolerate heat, and in those scenes where they do not have to open a person duplicate their young soldiers, dressed in a burqa.

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The shooting took place in Dagestan and Turkmenistan. Discipline in the creative team was weak - the actors are often lost in the local restaurants and participate in drunken brawls. Episode where Vereshchagin during the fight on the barge bleeding face, completely straight. On the eve of the fight with the local bullies Luspekaeva split the eyebrow.

During the trip did not have time to shoot all the planned material. As a result, the Commission rejected the director's work and accused him of professional incompetence, and the film is put "on the shelf" for 4 months. But because the Ministry of Finance refused to write off the money spent on the survey, it was decided to still give the opportunity Motyl finalize work on the film.

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The conclusion of the Commission amending the footage In order for the film came out, the director had to re-shoot some scenes, and some episodes are ready - cut. So, initially the final was completely different: the wife Vereshchagin grief goes crazy and the wife of Abdullah desperate rush to the dead husband and weep over the body. Sukhov expect to see on their faces the joy of salvation, but they ran past him and was taken to lament over a man, as befits an oriental woman. But a final outraged the leadership of "Mosfilm".

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Katerina Matveevna played nonprofessional actress - editor studio "Ostankino" Galina Łučaj

Many of the frames are not included in the picture. So, the episode was cut, when Abdullah set fire to the tank, where his wife hid themselves. Women fleeing from the fire, had, throwing off his clothes, get out. But they all flatly refused to appear naked. After much persuasion, they agreed, putting a condition on the set should not be men. However rid of operators and lighting was not possible, so the chase had only a carpenter. Crook episode filmed, but the commission demanded to remove it. It had also "cut thighs" Catherine Matveyevna when she battened down skirt crossing the stream, as it was regarded as pornography. Removed and the scenes in which Vereshchagin drunk - the hero could not be an alcoholic.

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From the film cut out many scenes of wives of Abdullah. Art critic and translator Svetlana Slivinskaya, who played the role of Saida, said: "Initially planned adventure painting titled" Save the harem ", where the main were Abdullah and his wife. But the material is cut, now renamed, mostly did not harem, and the story of how the revolution took place in Asian countries. Remember, rejected the scene as one of the dreams Sukhov to the song "Because of the island to the rod" throws me a longboat. I had to obediently go under water. Well, that divers have pulled out in time! And then the scene was told to cut as cruel. "

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Svetlana Slivinskaya as Saida

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The frame is not included in the film: Sukhov dream about how he remembered his wife, throws water in the women of the harem

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Even after these changes, the material does not satisfy the Commission, bloodworms and had to be made about 30 edits. The final version differed significantly from the original, but the director of "Mosfilm" was not happy with the result and did not sign the act of acceptance. The audience surely so would never have seen one of the best Soviet films, if once in a private browsing "White Sun of the Desert" showed Leonid Brezhnev. He was so excited by what he saw that the picture was released in rent. In the first year of the film looked 35 million viewers, and so far it has not lost its popularity.

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