Jupiter in the lens

• Jupiter in the lens

The gas giant Jupiter - the biggest planet in the solar system. It's huge. Jupiter Weight 2.47 times the total mass of all the other planets of the solar system, taken together, is 318 times - the earth mass. He's even lighter than the sun only 1,000 times.

Automatic interplanetary station "Juno", which was launched August 5, 2011 for the Jupiter study, entered the orbit in July 2016. The camera / Juno Camera telescope mounted on board, were received and processed truly stunning views of the largest planet in our solar system.

Jupiter in the lens

Wave clouds May 19, 2017 from a height of 5,500 miles. Jupiter atmosphere has no definite lower limit - it smoothly into the ocean from the liquid hydrogen. The upper ammonia clouds observed on the "surface" of Jupiter, organized into numerous strips parallel to the equator. (Photo: NASA | SwRI | MSSS | Gerald Eichstädt / Seán Doran):

Jupiter in the lens

Jupiter - the only planet whose center of mass of the sun is out and the sun is separated from it by about 7% of the solar radius. (Photo: NASA | SwRI | MSSS | Gerald Eichstädt | Seán Doran):

Jupiter in the lens

The Great Red Spot - is the largest atmospheric vortex in the Solar System. It has dimensions of about 40 thousand kilometers in length (50,000 - according to other sources) and 13 thousand kilometers in width. wind speed inside the spot is more than 500 kilometers per hour. (Photo: NASA | JPL | Björn Jónsson | Seán Doran):

Jupiter in the lens

The clouds on Jupiter ... By the way, storms on Jupiter resemble terrestrial. They manifest themselves as bright and massive clouds of dimensions of approximately 1000 km. (Photo: NASA | SwRI | MSSS | Gerald Eichstädt | Seán Doran):

Jupiter in the lens

The force of gravity on the surface of Jupiter, for which usually take a top layer of clouds, more than 2, 4 times greater than the earth's: a body which has a mass of, for example, 100 kg will weigh as much weighs body weight of 240 kg on the Earth's surface. This corresponds to the acceleration of free fall of 24.79 m / s² Jupiter against 9.80 m / s² for Earth. (Photo: NASA | SwRI | MSSS | Gerald Eichstädt | Seán Doran):

Jupiter in the lens

He could be a star. Theoretical models indicate that if Jupiter's mass is much greater than its actual weight, it would lead to compression of the planet. Small mass changes would not have resulted in any significant changes any radius. However, if the mass of Jupiter exceed its actual weight four times the density of the planet would increase to such an extent that under the influence of the increased size of the planet's gravity strongly decreased. (Photo: NASA | SwRI | MSSS | Gerald Eichstädt | Seán Doran):

Jupiter in the lens

So, apparently, Jupiter has a maximum diameter, which could have a planet with a similar structure and history. With a further increase in the mass contraction would continue as long as the process of star formation, Jupiter would not be a brown dwarf with a mass larger than its current approximately 50 times. (Photo: NASA | SwRI | MSSS | Gerald Eichstädt | Seán Doran):

Jupiter in the lens

Although, in order to become a star, Jupiter would need to be 75 times the mass of the smallest of the famous red dwarf is only 30% larger in diameter. (Photo: NASA | SwRI | MSSS | Gerald Eichstädt | Seán Doran):

Jupiter in the lens

Jupiter rotates on its axis faster than any other planet in the solar system. The period of rotation at the equator - only 9 hours 50 minutes 30 seconds. (Photo: NASA | SwRI | MSSS | Gerald Eichstädt | Seán Doran):

Jupiter in the lens

At present, the existence of life on Jupiter seems unlikely:.. Low concentration of water in the atmosphere, the lack of a solid surface, etc. However, even in the 1970s the American astronomer Carl Sagan spoke about the possible existence in the upper layers of the atmosphere of Jupiter life based ammonia. (Photo: NASA | SwRI | MSSS | Gerald Eichstädt | Seán Doran):

Jupiter in the lens

The image surface of the planet Jupiter at a distance of 18,906 kilometers. (Photo: NASA | SwRI | MSSS | Gerald Eichstädt | Seán Doran):

Jupiter in the lens

Earth and Jupiter would look something like this together.

Jupiter in the lens

the wind speed by Jupiter can exceed 600 km / h. Unlike the earth, where the circulation of the atmosphere is due to the difference of the solar heat in the equatorial and polar regions, Jupiter effect of solar radiation on the temperature slightly circulation; the main driving forces are the heat flow from the center of the planet, and the energy released during rapid motion of Jupiter on its axis. (Photo: NASA | SwRI | MSSS | Gerald Eichstädt | Seán Doran):

Jupiter in the lens

The Great Red Spot was discovered by Giovanni Cassini in 1665. Before the flight, "Voyager", many astronomers thought that the spot has a solid nature. It is now clear that it is a giant storm. wind speed inside the spots exceeds 500 km / h. (Photo: NASA | SwRI | MSSS | Gerald Eichstädt | Seán Doran):

Jupiter in the lens

Use of the measured moments of inertia of the planet can estimate its size and weight of the core. Currently it is believed that the mass of nucleus - 10 wt Earth, and size - 1.5 of its diameter. (Photo: NASA | SwRI | MSSS | Gerald Eichstädt | Seán Doran):

Jupiter in the lens

The planet is very generous. Jupiter releases substantially more energy than it receives from the sun. The researchers suggest that Jupiter has a considerable stock of heat generated during compression of matter in the formation of the planet. (Photo by NASA / SwRI | MSSS | Gerald Eichstädt | Seán Doran):

Jupiter in the lens

Photo surface of the planet Jupiter 9 September 2017. (Photo: NASA | SwRI | MSSS | Gerald Eichstädt | Seán Doran):

Jupiter in the lens

By the way, in the center of the vortices on Jupiter and hurricanes observed huge flash of lightning sizes length of thousands of kilometers. Lightning power to three orders of magnitude higher than the earth. (Photo: NASA | SwRI | MSSS | Gerald Eichstädt | Seán Doran):

Jupiter in the lens

What is the future of Jupiter? It is known that the sun as a result of the gradual exhaustion of its thermonuclear fuel increases its luminosity by about 11% every 1.1 billion years, and as a result of its circumstellar habitable zone will move beyond the modern Earth's orbit until it reaches the Jupiter system. Increasing the brightness of the sun in the warm up period of Jupiter's satellites, thus releasing their surface liquid water, and thus create the conditions to support life. (Photo: NASA | SwRI | MSSS | Gerald Eichstädt | Seán Doran):

Jupiter in the lens

After 7, 59 billion years the sun will become a red giant. The model shows that the distance between the sun and gas giant reduced from 765 to 500 million kilometers. In such circumstances, Jupiter will move into a new class of planets called "hot Jupiters". The temperature at the surface reaches 1000 K (about 730 degrees Celsius), causing a dark red glow planet

Jupiter in the lens

Here's a she, the planet Jupiter. By the way, its modern name planet bears since ancient Rome, whose inhabitants they called their supreme god. (Photo: NASA | SwRI | MSSS | Gerald Eichstädt | Seán Doran):

Jupiter in the lens