Interesting facts from the biography of the "father" of Rudyard Kipling Mowgli

• Interesting facts from the biography of the "father" of Rudyard Kipling Mowgli

Today marks 152 years since the birth of the famous English writer, laureate Joseph Rudyard Kipling's Nobel Prize. "Father," Mowgli, the author of two "Jungle Book" has spent many years in India, and this has left its mark on his outlook and creativity. Despite the lifetime recognition and worldwide popularity - Kipling was the first English Nobel laureate for literature, also the youngest - he avoided publicity and half of his life in seclusion.

Interesting facts from the biography of the Interesting facts from the biography of the

Kipling's parents were English, but he was born and spent his childhood in India, where his father, a specialist in the history of Indian art, he taught at the Art School and was in charge of the museum in Lahore. This city is called the "Paris of the Indian" - in those days there were so many art studios and cafes, where the assembled representatives of the beau monde, it was like Paris Montmartre. At 6 years old Rudyard was sent to study in England, and 10 years later he returned to India, where he got a job assistant editor. Even at 16, he surprised everyone with his erudition, broad outlook and mature judgments. Rudyard traveled around the country, preparing a report for the newspaper, and soon began to write stories.

Interesting facts from the biography of the

The first literary works of Kipling earned accolades reviewers, one of whom exclaimed, "I was born a genius!" Wrote about him: "Kipling's young, but he's sharp-sighted heart. He sees an unusual, significant for the ordinary. " At 23 he was already famous and successful. Returning to England, Rudyard soon married and left home his wife - to America.

Interesting facts from the biography of the

On the left - Rudyard Kipling at the age of 60 years "Time" magazine cover, 1926. On the right - the writer and his characters

Thoughts about India had never left. He often talked about his life there, and one day his children's writer friend, after hearing stories about the Indian jungle, persuaded him to publish them in a children's magazine, where she was the editor. So there are his famous "Jungle Book" and "The Second Jungle Book." The word "Mowgli" he invented himself: thistles mother says in the translation, this word means "frog", but there is not a single language, which would be the word "Mowgli". Soon the name of learned readers worldwide. By the way, Russian translators changed Bagira floor, apparently because the word "Panther" - feminine. Just as the cat turned into a "cat that walks by itself."

Interesting facts from the biography of the

The first edition of The Jungle Book * *

Critics continued to applaud him: "He thoroughly studied all the customs and habits of birds, animals and reptiles - otherwise how could he wrote" The Jungle Book "!. Kipling really had a fine sense of the unity of man and nature, a rare representative of Western civilization. Therefore, it was called the Englishman with the soul of a Hindu.

Interesting facts from the biography of the

A shot from the cartoon Mowgli * * 1973

After the death of the daughter of Rudyard Kipling left America and settled in England, where he led a very secluded life. Many who want to see the famous writer explained that the only way - to look over the fence, riding in a carriage by his estate. Jerome K. Jerome joked that Kipling reminds him of a comet, tried in vain to lose its tail. Several times the writer refused to state awards, including from the knighted - said he wanted to "live and die just Kipling".

Interesting facts from the biography of the

When his novel Kipling's "Kim" is again created a furore in Britain and India. Indian critic Nirad Chaudhiri wrote: "He grasped the true spirit of India. Imbued with love for her. We, the Indians, will always be grateful to Kipling, who was able to show the diversity of our country, its beauty, strength and truth. "

Interesting facts from the biography of the

In '42 Kipling won the Nobel Prize for Literature "for observation, vivid imagination, maturity of ideas and remarkable talent of the narrator," becoming the youngest winner. But here, he stayed true to himself - did not utter a traditional speech.

Interesting facts from the biography of the

Rudyard Kipling takes office as honorary rector of the University of St. Andrew

At the beginning of the First World War, he was killed in battle, his son, and then the writer further kept to himself. He rarely appeared in public, that one day one of the magazine announced his death. In response, Kipling wrote a letter to the editor: "Just found out that I was dead. Please do not forget to remove me from the list of your subscribers. "

Interesting facts from the biography of the

Kipling continued to write and publish their work before the start of the 1930s., But the most famous and loved all over the world and have remained "Jungle Book" and "Kim", inspired by India. This country more than the writer could not see, in 1936, he died in London and was buried in Poets' Corner in Westminster Abbey.