The most incredible lifts from around the world
Since ancient times, mankind has meant the creation of a device capable of transporting people and goods to different heights. Presumably, the first elevator construction is due to Archimedes, and dates back to 236 BC. The very first who embodied this idea into reality, become the ancient Egyptians. Such a device they needed during the construction of its famous pyramids for the pharaohs.
Now the different parts of the world can meet the incredible design, looking at that, not even once, you can guess that this lift.
Elevador de Santa Justa, Lisbon
Elevador de Santa Justa - an elevator lift in Lisbon, Portugal. Elevator is in the heart of historic Lisbon. Connects the Baixa district with the Chiado. Lower lift is located in the eponymous street, and in the upper part goes into the square Largo do Carmo.
Cabins accommodate 19 seats and 10 standing places. Elevator operates since 1902 and helps the residents of the city with no problems to overcome the steep climb, and tourists, among other things, involves the panoramic views from the upper station. In 2002, this facility was recognized as a monument of national importance.
Construction of the elevator began in 1898 and ended in 1901. The official opening of Santa Justa to the public took place a year later - July 10, 1902. Thunderstorm and rain fell on the city on that day. The bad weather did not affect the enthusiasm and curiosity of the townspeople. Many wanted first to try a new form of transport, and just admire the panorama of the city from the observation deck. In the afternoon, under the watchful gaze of the crowd, solemnly sent the elevator upstairs to the booth were invited guests and media representatives. Following was the official opening ceremony. On the terrace of the adjacent building (house Conde de Tomar) orchestra played the national anthem of Portugal, and the sky launched rockets and fireworks. In the first years of its existence, the elevator cabins actuated by a pair of energy, but with the November 6, 1907 he was transferred to electricity. Santa Justa Lift at that time was the most technologically advanced and best among the engineering structures in Europe.
The view from the lift area.
Elevador Lacerda, Salvador
The lift Lacerda is located in Salvador, Brazil, and connects the upper city (Cidade Alta) the historical center of Salvador) on the bottom (Cidade Baixa) - business and financial district.
Structurally Lacerda lift consists of two towers, one of which carries four elevator shafts; the other located along the slope, and partly in the interior of the mountain, is the location of the counterweights. The total height of the building - 72 meters. The hoist includes four cabin elevator designed for passenger 32 each. rise time to a height of 50 meters - about 30 seconds.
Lift, as a means of urban transport of the city of Salvador, carries up to 900 000 people per month (or an average of 28,000 people per day). The fare - 15 cents.
Traditionally it Lacerda lift is considered the center of the capital of Bahia. Top platform lift comes to the Grand Palace Rio Branco, the former residence of the state governor, now the Brazilian museum. On the upper deck offers a wonderful view of the Lower Town, the Bay of All Saints, Fort Santo Antônio da Barra, Modelo market (mercado Modelo), who was once one of the largest slave-coast markets, Cape Umaita Church of Nosso Senhor do Bonfim, as well as on the island of Itaparica. From the lift platforms diverge Street Upper, historical, city, and the lower, trading. Lacerda lift is repeatedly mentioned in the works of Jorge Amado.
The old royal palace has quite modern technological equipment, and an elevator - one of the wonders of engineering. This futuristic structure as it grows directly out of the floor of the first floor, and then quietly and quickly delivers passengers to the desired level. hydraulic lift platform is located at floor level, while lifting open playground moves gently and quietly, allowing passengers to observe halls and enthusiastically Louvre exhibition.
In this elevator does not have a large capacity: cylindrical shape of light metal cabin can accommodate about 10 people. An interesting feature of the elevator at the Louvre is open cabin, from which passengers can observe the floors of the museum.
Sky Tower, Auckland, New Zealand
The legendary Radio and TV Tower Sky Tower is one of the main symbols of Auckland, its visitors have the opportunity to ride on a gorgeous glass elevator and assess the panorama of the city from a height of 196 meters. Lift, which serves the skyscraper, is a high-speed, to the top floor to the viewing platform it delivers visitors for 40 seconds.
If you stand on a transparent floor section and during the climb to look down, you can not help a feeling of falling into the abyss.
The highest lift in the world is located in a conservation area of the park in Hunan, China. This is an open elevator, it is out of buildings, and raises the passengers to a height of 330 meters - the observation deck of the beautiful cliff in Zhangjiajie. In total there are three cabins, each of which can accommodate up to 50 people. The walls are transparent booths, during the entire lift passengers can watch the stunning views surrounding area.
on the construction of the lift works started in 1999 and ended in 2002. The cost of construction was approximately $ 18 million. Elevator Hundred Dragons, as it is called by locals about a third is located in the Rocky Mountains, and two-thirds - from the outside.
Folkerskoe wheel Scotland
This is the world's first rotating sudopodomnik connecting Fort Clyde and Union canals. He was named after the nearby town of Falkirk in central Scotland. Initially, the channels were joined by eleven gateways, but they were withdrawn from service and covered back in the 1930s.
This is the world's first rotating boat lift for transporting vehicles was officially opened by Queen Elizabeth II in 2002. This kind of "lift" performs the same function as the gateway, and moves the court from the channel Forth Clyde Canal in Union, height difference between them is 24 meters. On opposite sides of the wheel recesses are filled with water, which swim in a court, the recesses are rotated at the same speed as the wheel itself, but in the opposite direction. The wheel turns 180 degrees by moving the court from the top level down, it takes a few minutes.
"Gate to the West", USA
The Arch in St. Louis (. English Gateway Arch), also known as the "Gate to the West" - the memorial, which is part of the Jeffersonian ekspansialnogo National Memorial, as well as the hallmark of St. Louis, Missouri, USA. It was designed by Finnish-American architect Eero Saarinen in 1947. Its height is 192 meters at the highest point, the width of its base and 192 meters. Thus, the arch is the tallest monument in the United States.
Eero Saarinen died four years before the construction of the arch was completed. Shortly before his death, he decided to change the design of the towers, by introducing into it a lift that visitors do not have to overcome more than a thousand steps. But arch design is not allowed to use conventional elevator model. Lift a few companies have tried to find a suitable option, but did not succeed. Then Saarinen hired engineer Richard Bowser. He was given only two weeks to develop its own version, but, oddly enough, had. His system combines a conventional elevator rope and a booth ferris wheel in the gimbal suspension. In 1968, this unique system has been installed in the arch.
The skyscraper "Taipei 101", Taiwan
The building is 101 floors reaching a height of 509 meters, making it the eighth tallest building in the world and the fifth - in Asia. On the lower floors of the skyscraper are shopping centers, on the top - there are offices, a special attention is deserved, of course, a lift. lift speed with the rise - 60, 6 km / h - is the fastest elevators in the world. The skyscraper is equipped with 67 lifts, two of which are able to lift passengers from the fifth floor to the observation deck of the 89th floor in just 39 seconds (this is the fastest elevators in the world).
Globen Skyview, Stockholm
SkyView takes you to the top of Bowl Ericsson (Ericsson Globe) - spherical attractions in the southern part of Stockholm. Hosts raised to a height of 130 meters in a glass gondola that moves on rails attached to the upper part of spherical structure. A leisurely trip takes 16 minutes. Simultaneously two working nacelle, located close to each other, each of which can accommodate 16 people.
Aquarium "Aqua Dom", Germany
Aqua Dom - the world's largest aquarium with salt water (total volume of water - 1 million liters.), Which is located in the center of Berlin, Germany. It is a cylindrical vessel made of acrylic glass height of 16 meters and a diameter of 11, 5 meters. The height of the structure as a whole 25 meters. In the center is a lift cylinder for up to 40 persons, by which visitors can move up and down the tank.
Every three or four days in the tank down divers who feed the fish and clean the aquarium: for it takes about 8 kg of food per day and 3-4 experienced driver.