One of the strangest lakes in the world Walk
• one of the world's most bizarre Lakes Walk
What it is: Natron - salt lake
Where: North of Tanzania
For whom: anyone wanting
Landscapes Tanzania north to the border with Kenya can not be called picturesque. For the most part it is scorched savannah, where the panorama somewhere broken only by small islands of trees and shrubs. For all its monotonous landscape place it is truly unique. And all thanks to the fact that at 60 km. Here stretches Salt Lake Natron, the color of the water in which is painted in red and pink color.
The lake is part of the volcanic zone of the Great Rift Valley. Next to it is a valid karbonatitny volcano Ol Doina Lengai, which predominates in the longwall sodium carbonate. It feeds the lake from the river Iwase Niro and from underground hot springs. At the rain washes the slopes volcano substance allocated to them, they form a lake of water snaps "cocktail" of compounds of sulfur, phosphorus, chlorine, and sodium carbonate. The temperature of water in the lake can reach 50 ° C, a pH value of 10.5 alkalinity environment.
The longer the dry season, the higher the concentration of salts. If a strong evaporation of the lake surface crust is formed of alkali salt and activated bacteria living in such extreme conditions. Their metabolic changes color from orange water in the shallow water to the blood-red in the deeper areas. The maximum depth of the lake is less than the level of three meters.
It would seem that in such a harsh environment can not live neither flora nor fauna. However, such an aggressive environment was comfortable for the few species of algae, fish and small flamingos. This is their only place of reproduction, because the district is almost no predators. Poisonous lake environment has become predators some invisible barrier, so they pass by the lake. In the season of evaporation on the lake islands form - to them and flamingos build their nests and breed.
The number of flamingos on the lake up to several million. Among other things, they feed on blue-green algae that contains beta-carotene, which gives the feathers of a bright pink color.
How Natron beautiful, so it severely - if an animal falls into a lake, it immediately dies, and his remains are hardened in natural poses, turning into a "mummy". This feature lake illustrated photographer Nick Brandt, depicting fossils of birds and bats, caught in a deadly trap
The route to this region is not the most popular among tourists. But those who dare to combine climbing Kilimanjaro with a trip to the "uncharted" Tanzania, get stunning impressions of visiting this place.