Why German horns on their helmets?
• Why horns on German helmets?
Most of the twentieth century, Germany was considered an aggressive military power, and the image of the German soldier was hard to imagine without a helmet with horns. These steel helmets have become a real symbol of evil, and wearing them until now associated with Nazism. Why the horn on a purely military object - later in the review.
Young German attack in the "horned" helmet M16. Western Front, 1918.
The First World War began in 1914 quite rapidly. Generals maneuvered troops, jumps from place to place. But by the end, the position of the belligerents established the soldiers' dug into the ground. "
The German politician and military Otto von Bismarck in the Pickelhaube.
With the onset of trench warfare it became apparent that much of the existing equipment should be reviewed and changed. The biggest criticism of the military of all countries evoked hats. The battle was now visible only undisguised head soldier. The German army at that time wore helmets "Pickelhaube", made of leather, and the French and the British and all were only cap.
Soon all the warring powers developed metal helmets. They are not saved from the firing point-blank, but we could stop the fragments of shells, shrapnel, bullet ricocheted. Thus, the Entente appeared helmets and Adrian Brody.
The German steel helmet M16 camouflage coloring during the First World War.
Developer Stahlhelm M16 Dr. Friedrich Shverd and helmets forming process.
In 1915, in Germany there was a version of a steel helmet. It was developed Dr. Friedrich Shverd from the University of Hannover. The first samples were soldiers assault units, snipers, sappers observers. The following year, the helmet launched into mass production, and it was called Stahlhelm M16 ( "Steel Helmet, model 1916").
Helmets M16 with removable armor plates.
A German soldier observer with binoculars, 1916-1918.
Dr. Shverd provided on the sides of the helmet, "horns", which were through holes for ventilation. But this is not their main purpose. They are needed for attaching additional armor - protective steel plate. It was very heavy, so worn only in the trenches. It was believed that the thickness of 6 mm is enough to stop the bullet, released in the eye.
The German attack aircraft, equipped trench armor, machine guns and rifles, 1918.
Fighter Munich Freikorps.
When the helmet got to the front, it was that the whole thing is not worth a damn. The helmet is well saved by shrapnel, flying debris from the bullets of small caliber on the decline. A direct hit from a rifle and did not break through the plate, but there is no longer stood a man: a soldier literally broke the neck. For this reason, armor plate nobody wanted to wear, but the horn to remove the helmet has been impossible. Helmets with a characteristic appearance produced for many years. enemy soldiers even made fun of the Germans. They shouted that they spent too much time at the front. During this time his wife have set their horns, and those already sprouted through the helmet.
The helmet M17 used by the Finnish army during the Winter War of 1939-1940.
anti-German war poster. United States, 1942.
Darth Vader - the main villain of fiction saga "Star Wars."
German steel helmet recognizable form for a long time became a symbol of German militarism and Nazism. Years later, a helmet with horns even affect the appearance of one of the famous Hollywood kinozlodeev - Darth Vader.