The most famous of the world crown
• The most famous crown of the world
The main regalia confirming the power of monarchs, considered to be the crown or coronet. Rulers, competing in splendor and luxury of the power of symbols, adorn their crowns made of gold and silver, rare and very expensive stones. In this review - the most famous of the crown of the world, to identify among them is not so easy, the very most.
The most famous in the history of the crown
Crown kings and emperors of the Holy Roman Empire has several names, one of the most famous - the crown of Charlemagne, and made it to the end of the 10th century.
The crown of kings and emperors of the Holy Roman Empire.
This is the oldest jewelry masterpiece, unlike other Crown, the original form of an octahedron, decorated with 144 precious stones and pearls. Originally held in Nuremberg, in the event of the threat of capture of this city Napoleon's troops, who sought to have her for his coronation, the crown was taken to Vienna and hid there. The Vienna Museum is now stored.
Imperial State Crown.
The famous jewel, made in 1911, is not the property of the Queen, and belongs to the state and its main repository is a fortress-museum tower, and the ruling now Queen Elizabeth II wears the crown only on the occasion of the opening ceremony of the annual Parliament or other public gatherings. And although the Crown has a relatively low weight, 910 grams, the queen to get used to it and do not embarrass the ceremony wears the crown in advance and go to her for a few hours. In those rare days you can see the Queen to be painted on his head a crown of magnificent breakfast at home or newspaper photo.
Great Crown of the Russian Empire.
This jewel, eclipsed its brilliance and splendor of the crown of all foreign rulers, was designed by Catherine II for her coronation in 1762. Famous jewelers who worked on its development, only two months have managed to create a miracle.
Openwork frame elegantly shaped in the form of two hemispheres (symbolizing the east and west) of gold and silver, reminiscent of oriental headdress made the main court jeweler Eckart. But the selection of stones for the crown and its decoration Eckart trusted jeweler Posier who brilliantly coped with this. Rows matte pearls is the best stress placer diamonds sparkle, and is crowned by a crown real treasure - a rare mineral, bright ruby red 400 carat weight, which was brought in the 16th century from China. Today it is a national treasure exhibited in the famous Diamond Fund.
Diamonds and pearls Large crown.
Red Spinel Large crown.
The crowns and crowns Russia
At a time when Europe was crowned with their rulers luxurious crowns, in Russia, they are replaced with semi-precious stones studded hats crowns, the most famous of which - the Cap of Monomakh. First it was crowned in the reign of Ivan the Terrible.
The famous hat Monomakh.
The transition to the imperial crown in Russia was due to Peter I. himself wedding hat Monomakh, he ordered the first Russian to produce a crown of gold-plated silver, which the owner was lucky to become his wife Catherine I.
The first Russian crown.
Empress Anna Ioanovna for the crowning ordered a new crown, and it was performed according to the tastes and preferences of its many gems were used with the corona Catherine I.
Crown of the Empress Anna Ivanovna.
Since 1972 until the fall of the empire, all Russian emperors were crowned the famous Grand Imperial crown. And for the coronation of the queens of multiple copies of the smaller crown it was made, but only one of them survived.
Small Imperial Crown.
Nicholas II and his wife to the imperial crown.